Prevalence of ocular surface disease symptoms and risk factors in group of university students in Monterrey, Mexico

Manuel Garza-León, Miguel Valencia-Garza, Bernardo Martínez-Leal, Pablo Villarreal-Peña, Hernán Gerardo Marcos-Abdala, Ana Lucía Cortéz-Guajardo, Arturo Jasso-Banda

Resultado de la investigación

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

© 2016, The Author(s). Background: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of ocular surface disease and its relationship with associated risk factors in students from the University of Monterrey using Ocular Surface Disease (OSDI) questionnaire. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between October and December 2014 to assess the prevalence and risk factors for ocular surface disease in a group of students from Universidad de Monterrey in Monterrey, Mexico. The severity of the disease was measured via the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire. Results: The OSDI average value was 26.85 ± 20.79 points, with 70.4% of students (579) had OSDI score higher than 12 points. Women had ocular surface disease 1.63 times more than men (OR 1.29, 95% CI 1.13,1.48). Students who used ophthalmic drops have an OR 2.00 (95% CI 1.65,2.40), and students who smoke have an OR 1.24 (95% CI 1.06,1.46). Use of contact lenses, hours in front of computer or history of refractive surgery has low-estimated effect on the probability of presenting an ocular disease. Conclusions: University students have a prevalence of 70.4% of ocular surface disease (OSD). OSD was associated with gender (women have a higher prevalence), smoking and the use of eye drops. A program to modify these risk factors to reduce the prevalence is needed.
Idioma originalEnglish
Número de artículo44
PublicaciónJournal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Volumen6
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 dic 2016

Huella dactilar

Eye Diseases
Mexico
Students
Ophthalmic Solutions
Refractive Surgical Procedures
Contact Lenses
Smoke
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Infectious Diseases

Citar esto

Garza-León, Manuel ; Valencia-Garza, Miguel ; Martínez-Leal, Bernardo ; Villarreal-Peña, Pablo ; Marcos-Abdala, Hernán Gerardo ; Cortéz-Guajardo, Ana Lucía ; Jasso-Banda, Arturo. / Prevalence of ocular surface disease symptoms and risk factors in group of university students in Monterrey, Mexico. En: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection. 2016 ; Vol. 6, N.º 1.
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abstract = "{\circledC} 2016, The Author(s). Background: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of ocular surface disease and its relationship with associated risk factors in students from the University of Monterrey using Ocular Surface Disease (OSDI) questionnaire. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between October and December 2014 to assess the prevalence and risk factors for ocular surface disease in a group of students from Universidad de Monterrey in Monterrey, Mexico. The severity of the disease was measured via the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire. Results: The OSDI average value was 26.85 ± 20.79 points, with 70.4{\%} of students (579) had OSDI score higher than 12 points. Women had ocular surface disease 1.63 times more than men (OR 1.29, 95{\%} CI 1.13,1.48). Students who used ophthalmic drops have an OR 2.00 (95{\%} CI 1.65,2.40), and students who smoke have an OR 1.24 (95{\%} CI 1.06,1.46). Use of contact lenses, hours in front of computer or history of refractive surgery has low-estimated effect on the probability of presenting an ocular disease. Conclusions: University students have a prevalence of 70.4{\%} of ocular surface disease (OSD). OSD was associated with gender (women have a higher prevalence), smoking and the use of eye drops. A program to modify these risk factors to reduce the prevalence is needed.",
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Prevalence of ocular surface disease symptoms and risk factors in group of university students in Monterrey, Mexico. / Garza-León, Manuel; Valencia-Garza, Miguel; Martínez-Leal, Bernardo; Villarreal-Peña, Pablo; Marcos-Abdala, Hernán Gerardo; Cortéz-Guajardo, Ana Lucía; Jasso-Banda, Arturo.

En: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection, Vol. 6, N.º 1, 44, 01.12.2016.

Resultado de la investigación

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of ocular surface disease symptoms and risk factors in group of university students in Monterrey, Mexico

AU - Garza-León, Manuel

AU - Valencia-Garza, Miguel

AU - Martínez-Leal, Bernardo

AU - Villarreal-Peña, Pablo

AU - Marcos-Abdala, Hernán Gerardo

AU - Cortéz-Guajardo, Ana Lucía

AU - Jasso-Banda, Arturo

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - © 2016, The Author(s). Background: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of ocular surface disease and its relationship with associated risk factors in students from the University of Monterrey using Ocular Surface Disease (OSDI) questionnaire. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between October and December 2014 to assess the prevalence and risk factors for ocular surface disease in a group of students from Universidad de Monterrey in Monterrey, Mexico. The severity of the disease was measured via the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire. Results: The OSDI average value was 26.85 ± 20.79 points, with 70.4% of students (579) had OSDI score higher than 12 points. Women had ocular surface disease 1.63 times more than men (OR 1.29, 95% CI 1.13,1.48). Students who used ophthalmic drops have an OR 2.00 (95% CI 1.65,2.40), and students who smoke have an OR 1.24 (95% CI 1.06,1.46). Use of contact lenses, hours in front of computer or history of refractive surgery has low-estimated effect on the probability of presenting an ocular disease. Conclusions: University students have a prevalence of 70.4% of ocular surface disease (OSD). OSD was associated with gender (women have a higher prevalence), smoking and the use of eye drops. A program to modify these risk factors to reduce the prevalence is needed.

AB - © 2016, The Author(s). Background: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of ocular surface disease and its relationship with associated risk factors in students from the University of Monterrey using Ocular Surface Disease (OSDI) questionnaire. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted between October and December 2014 to assess the prevalence and risk factors for ocular surface disease in a group of students from Universidad de Monterrey in Monterrey, Mexico. The severity of the disease was measured via the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire. Results: The OSDI average value was 26.85 ± 20.79 points, with 70.4% of students (579) had OSDI score higher than 12 points. Women had ocular surface disease 1.63 times more than men (OR 1.29, 95% CI 1.13,1.48). Students who used ophthalmic drops have an OR 2.00 (95% CI 1.65,2.40), and students who smoke have an OR 1.24 (95% CI 1.06,1.46). Use of contact lenses, hours in front of computer or history of refractive surgery has low-estimated effect on the probability of presenting an ocular disease. Conclusions: University students have a prevalence of 70.4% of ocular surface disease (OSD). OSD was associated with gender (women have a higher prevalence), smoking and the use of eye drops. A program to modify these risk factors to reduce the prevalence is needed.

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