Life cycle assessment of ocean energy technologies: A systematic review

María Guadalupe Paredes, Alejandro Padilla-Rivera, Leonor Patricia Güereca*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científicarevisión exhaustiva

35 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The increase of greenhouse gases (GHG) generated by the burning of fossil fuels has been recognized as one of the main causes of climate change (CC). Different countries of the world have developed new policies on national energy security directed to the use of renewable energies mainly, ocean energy being one of them. The implementation of ocean energy is increasing worldwide. However, the use of these technologies is not exempt from the generation of potential environmental impacts throughout their life cycle. In this context, life cycle assessment (LCA) is a holistic approach used to evaluate the environmental impacts of a product or system throughout its entire life cycle. LCA studies need to be conducted to foster the development of ocean energy technologies (OET) in sustainable management. In this paper, a systematic review was conducted and 18 LCA studies of OET were analyzed. Most of the LCA studies are focused on wave and tidal energy. CC is the most relevant impact category evaluated, which is generated mostly by raw material extraction, manufacturing stage and shipping operations. Finally, the critical stages of the systems evaluated were identified, together with, the opportunity areas to promote an environmental management for ocean energy developers.

Idioma originalEnglish
Número de artículo322
PublicaciónJournal of Marine Science and Engineering
Volumen7
N.º9
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 sept 2019

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 by the authors.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ingeniería civil y de estructuras
  • Ciencias del agua y tecnología
  • Ingeniería oceánica

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'Life cycle assessment of ocean energy technologies: A systematic review'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto