The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of 2 extremely different music genres (techno and classical) on emotional responses and brain activity. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy was used to measure the activity of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) area (medial, left dorsolateral, and right dorsolateral). Emotional responses were assessed through physiological and psychological measures by using heart rate variability and the Self-Assessment Manikin, respectively. Both pieces of music increased the PFC activity, but classical music caused greater activity in the dorsolateral areas. Classical music was capable of increasing parasympathetic activity; conversely, techno music reduced parasympathetic activation after 10 min of music exposure. Multiple physiological systems interact as a means to process sensory stimuli. The general message carried by the auditory stimuli is capable of accelerating or decelerating the activity of the autonomic system. Psychological assessments were not sufficiently sensitive to capture those modifications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Neurociencia (todo)
- Neuropsicología y psicología fisiológica