Background/objective: Iron deficiency (ID) is common in overweight and obese individuals (OW/OB) but the mechanism is uncertain. Greater blood volume (BV) in OW/OB may increase hemoglobin (Hb) mass and iron requirements, and confound iron biomarkers by hemodilution. Quantification of BV/PV changes in OW/OB is challenging and a formula to estimate BV/PV based on anthropometric indices would be valuable. In normal weight (NW) and OW/OB women, we aimed at: (1) measure BV and assess whether differences in BV affect concentrations and total circulating mass of Hb and iron biomarkers; (2) develop an algorithm describing BV in OW/OB. Subjects/methods: In a cross-sectional study, we measured BV in NW, OW, and OB non-anemic women (n = 62) by using the carbon monoxide-rebreathing method, body composition by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, and iron and inflammatory status. Results: OW and OB women had 11 and 16% higher mean BV and PV compared to NW (P <0.05), respectively. In OW/OB compared to NW, total circulating masses of IL-6, hepcidin, Hb, and sTfR were higher, while total mass of serum iron was lower (for all, P <0.05). An equation including height, body mass and lean mass to estimate BV in all BMI groups (R2 = 0.76). Conclusion: An equation based on anthropometric indices provides a good estimate of increased BV in OW/OB women. In OW/OB women, there is an increase in Hb mass that likely increases iron requirements for erythropoiesis and circulating TfR mass. At the same time, higher hepcidin concentrations may lower serum iron mass. Both these mechanisms may increase risk for ID in OW/OB women.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics