Depressive symptoms among Mexican adolescent girls in relation to iron status, anemia, body weight and pubertal status: Results from a Latent Class Analysis

Título traducido de la contribución: Síntomas depresivos entre adolescentes mujeres mexicanas en relación con el estado de hierro, anemia, peso corporal y estado puberal: Resultados de un Análisis de Clase Latente

Arli G. Zarate-Ortiz, Hans Verhoef, Alida Melse-Boonstra, Bo-Jane Woods, Elida E. Lee-Bazaldúa, Edith J.M. Feskens, Angélica Quiroga-Garza, Ana Carla Cepeda López

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Resumen

Objective:
The study examined the association between depressive symptoms and iron status, anaemia, body weight, and pubertal status among Mexican adolescent girls.

Design:
In this cross-sectional study, depressive symptoms were assessed by the 6-item Kutcher Adolescent Depressive Scale (6-KADS), and latent class analysis (LCA) was used to identify and characterize groups of girls based on depressive symptoms. Iron status and inflammation were assessed using ferritin and soluble transferrin receptor, C-reactive protein and alpha-1-acid glycoprotein, respectively. Multiple logistic and linear regression were applied to model class membership as a function of iron status, anaemia, body weight, and pubertal status.

Participants:
We collected data from 408 girls aged 12-20 years.

Setting:
public schools in northern Mexico.

Results:
LCA yielded three classes of depressive symptoms; 44.4% of the adolescents were “unlikely to be depressed”, 41.5% were “likely to be depressed”, and 14.1% were “highly likely to be depressed”. Our analyses demonstrated that iron deficient girls had greater odds of being “likely depressed” (odds ratio, OR=2.01, 95% CI 1.01-3.00) or “highly likely depressed (OR=2.80, 95% CI 1.76-3.84). Linear regression analyses revealed that lower haemoglobin concentrations and higher body weight increased the probability of being “likely depressed”. There was no evidence that depressive symptoms were associated to age at menarche and years since menstruation.

Conclusion:
This study shows that iron deficient adolescent girls are more likely to suffer from depressive symptoms, and that lower concentrations of haemoglobin and higher body weight increased the probability of experiencing depressive symptoms.
Título traducido de la contribuciónSíntomas depresivos entre adolescentes mujeres mexicanas en relación con el estado de hierro, anemia, peso corporal y estado puberal: Resultados de un Análisis de Clase Latente
Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)1
Número de páginas22
PublicaciónPublic Health Nutrition
DOI
EstadoPublished - 18 may. 2022

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Publisher Copyright:
© The Authors 2022.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Profesionales Sanitarios General
  • Psicología clínica

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