Time trends in age at menarche and related non-communicable disease risk during the 20th century in Mexico

Inga Petersohn, Arli G. Zarate-Ortiz, Ana C. Cepeda-Lopez, Alida Melse-Boonstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Developed countries have shown a time trend towards a younger age at menarche (AAM), which is associated with increased risk of later obesity and non-communicable diseases. This study aimed to assess whether a time trend in AAM is associated with disease risk in Mexican women (n = 30,826), using data from the Mexican National Health Survey (2000). Linear and log binomial regression was used for nutritional and disease outcomes, while Welch–ANOVA was used to test for a time trend. AAM (in years) decreased over time (p < 0.001), with a maximal difference of 0.99 years between the 1920s (13.6 years) and 1980s (12.6 years). AAM was negatively associated with weight (β = −1.01 kg; 95% CI −1.006, −1.004) and body mass index (BMI) (β = −1.01 kg/m 2 ; −1.007, −1.006), and positively with height (β = 0.18 cm; 0.112, 0.231). AAM was associated with diabetes (RR = 0.95; 0.93, 0.98) and hypercholesterolemia (RR = 0.93; 0.90, 0.95), but not with hypertension, breast cancer or arthritis. In Mexico, AAM decreased significantly during the 20th century. AAM was inversely associated with adult weight and BMI, and positively with height. Women with a later AAM had a lower risk of diabetes and hypercholesterolemia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number394
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

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noninfectious diseases
menarche
Menarche
Mexico
hypercholesterolemia
Hypercholesterolemia
body mass index
diabetes
Body Mass Index
Weights and Measures
national surveys
arthritis
Health Surveys
Developed Countries
developed countries
breast neoplasms
hypertension
Arthritis
obesity
Obesity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Petersohn, Inga ; Zarate-Ortiz, Arli G. ; Cepeda-Lopez, Ana C. ; Melse-Boonstra, Alida. / Time trends in age at menarche and related non-communicable disease risk during the 20th century in Mexico. In: Nutrients. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 2.
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Time trends in age at menarche and related non-communicable disease risk during the 20th century in Mexico. / Petersohn, Inga; Zarate-Ortiz, Arli G.; Cepeda-Lopez, Ana C.; Melse-Boonstra, Alida.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 11, No. 2, 394, 01.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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