State observers for semi-active suspensions: Experimental results

D. Hernandez-Alcantara, J.C. Tudon-Martinez, L. Amezquita-Brooks, C. Vivas-Lopez, R. Morales-Menendez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)


Semi-active suspension systems aim to improve the stability and comfort of vehicles. Several semi-active suspension control strategies require the vertical velocities; however, the instrumentation of the vehicle normally does not include sensors for these variables, typically only accelerometers are available. Direct integration to estimate the vertical-velocities fails to provide accurate velocity estimations. In particular, the dependency of the system on the road profile, which is an unknown signal, complicates the use of traditional observer schemes. In addition, the behavior of semi-active dampers is highly nonlinear. Two estimation strategies are proposed: an Unknown Input Observer (UIO) and a Robust H Observer. During the design of the UIO the unknown road profile decoupling induces observability problems, which are overcome with an approximated observer. An experimental comparison between the estimation methods in common perturbation conditions is carried out. The experimental results, obtained with a 5:1 scale car equipped with ER dampers, show that it is possible to archive good estimation performance with the proposed schemes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2014 IEEE Conference on Control Applications, CCA 2014
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781479974092
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2014

Publication series

Name2014 IEEE Conference on Control Applications, CCA 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014 IEEE.

Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Control and Systems Engineering


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