Spatial interaction between breast cancer and environmental pollution in the Monterrey Metropolitan Area

Francisco Manuel Gasca-Sanchez, Sandra Karina Santuario-Facio, Rocío Ortiz-Lopez, Augusto Rojas-Martinez, Gerardo Manuel Mejía-Velazquez, Erick Meinardo Garza-Perez, Jose Ascencion Hernandez-Hernandez, Rosa del Carmen Lopez-Sanchez, Servando Cardona-Huerta, Jesús Santos-Guzman*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This research examines the spatial structure of a sample of breast cancer (BC) cases and their spatial interaction with contaminated areas in the Monterrey Metropolitan Area (MMA). By applying spatial statistical techniques that treat the space as a continuum, degrees of spatial concentration were determined for the different study groups, highlighting their concentration pattern. The results indicate that 65 percent of the BC sample had exposure to more than 56 points of PM10. Likewise, spatial clusters of BC cases of up to 39 cases were identified within a radius of 3.5 km, interacting spatially with environmental contamination sources, particularly with refineries, food processing plants, cement, and metals. This study can serve as a platform for other clinical research by identifying geographic clusters that can help focus health policy efforts

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere07915
Pages (from-to)e07915
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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