A search for the lepton-flavor-violating decays Bs0→e ±μ and B0→e±μ is performed with a data sample, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb-1 of pp collisions at √s=7 TeV, collected by the LHCb experiment. The observed number of Bs0→e±μ and B0→e ±μ candidates is consistent with background expectations. Upper limits on the branching fractions of both decays are determined to be B(Bs0→e±μ)<1.1(1.4)×10-8 and B(B0→e±μ)<2.8(3.7)×10-9 at 90% (95%) confidence level (C.L.). These limits are a factor of 20 lower than those set by previous experiments. Lower bounds on the Pati-Salam leptoquark masses are also calculated, MLQ(Bs0→e±μ)>101 TeV/c2 and MLQ(B0→e±μ)>126 TeV/c2 at 95% C.L., and are a factor of 2 higher than the previous bounds. © 2013 CERN. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.
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