Role of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa in anxiety, depression and self-esteem: A controlled cross-sectional study

Giulio Fortuna, Massimo Aria, Rodrigo Cepeda-Valdes, Sandra Cecilia Garcia-Garcia, Maria Guadalupe Moreno Trevino, Julio Cesar Salas-Alanís

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The psychological aspect in patients with dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) is poorly documented. We sought to determine the role of DEB in anxiety, depression and self-esteem. We conducted a cross-sectional study, collecting data from 27 DEB patients and 26 healthy individuals. DEB patients and healthy controls completed three different psychometric scales for anxiety and depression and one scale for self-esteem. DEB patients and healthy controls were homogeneous for age and sex (P > 0.05), but not for employment, marital status and economic level (P < 0.05). Median values of all psychometric battery scales were not statistically significant between DEB patients and healthy controls, except for Goldberg scale for anxiety (P = 0.003) and depression (P = 0.037) and slightly significant for Zung Scale for anxiety (P = 0.048) with no difference between DEB patients with dominant versus recessive form in all scales (P > 0.05). Among DEB patients, only employment showed a significant difference in all scales (P < 0.05) but Hamilton for depression, whereas self-esteem seemed to be affected by marriage (P = 0.04) and education (P = 0.016). DEB patients apparently are not more anxious and/or depressed and do not have less self-esteem than healthy individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-78
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Dermatology
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Bibliographical note

© 2015 Japanese Dermatological Association.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

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