Psychometric Comparisons of Benevolent and Corrective Humor across 22 Countries: The virtue gap in humor goes international

Sonja Heintz, Willibald Ruch, Tracey Platt, Dandan Pang, Hugo Carretero-Dios, Alberto Dionigi, Catalina Argüello Gutiérrez, Ingrid Brdar, Dorota Brzozowska, Hsueh Chih Chen, Wladyslaw Chlopicki, Matthew Collins, Róbert Durka, Najwa Y. El Yahfoufi, Angélica Quiroga-Garza, Robert B. Isler, Andrés Mendiburo-Seguel, Tamil Selvan Ramis, Betül Saglam, Olga V. ShcherbakovaKamlesh Singh, Ieva Stokenberga, Peter S.O. Wong, Jorge Torres-Marín

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recently, two forms of virtue-related humor, benevolent and corrective, have been introduced. Benevolent humor treats human weaknesses and wrongdoings benevolently, while corrective humor aims at correcting and bettering them. Twelve marker items for benevolent and corrective humor (the BenCor) were developed, and it was demonstrated that they fill the gap between humor as temperament and virtue. The present study investigates responses to the BenCor from 25 samples in 22 countries (overall N = 7,226). The psychometric properties of the BenCor were found to be sufficient in most of the samples, including internal consistency, unidimensionality, and factorial validity. Importantly, benevolent and corrective humor were clearly established as two positively related, yet distinct dimensions of virtue-related humor. Metric measurement invariance was supported across the 25 samples, and scalar invariance was supported across six age groups (from 18 to 50+ years) and across gender. Comparisons of samples within and between four countries (Malaysia, Switzerland, Turkey, and the UK) showed that the item profiles were more similar within than between countries, though some evidence for regional differences was also found. This study thus supported, for the first time, the suitability of the 12 marker items of benevolent and corrective humor in different countries, enabling a cumulative cross-cultural research and eventually applications of humor aiming at the good.

Original languageEnglish
Article number92
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume9
Issue numberFEB
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Feb 2018

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Wit and Humor
Psychometrics
Temperament
Malaysia
Turkey
Switzerland
Age Groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Heintz, Sonja ; Ruch, Willibald ; Platt, Tracey ; Pang, Dandan ; Carretero-Dios, Hugo ; Dionigi, Alberto ; Gutiérrez, Catalina Argüello ; Brdar, Ingrid ; Brzozowska, Dorota ; Chen, Hsueh Chih ; Chlopicki, Wladyslaw ; Collins, Matthew ; Durka, Róbert ; El Yahfoufi, Najwa Y. ; Quiroga-Garza, Angélica ; Isler, Robert B. ; Mendiburo-Seguel, Andrés ; Ramis, Tamil Selvan ; Saglam, Betül ; Shcherbakova, Olga V. ; Singh, Kamlesh ; Stokenberga, Ieva ; Wong, Peter S.O. ; Torres-Marín, Jorge. / Psychometric Comparisons of Benevolent and Corrective Humor across 22 Countries : The virtue gap in humor goes international. In: Frontiers in Psychology. 2018 ; Vol. 9, No. FEB.
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abstract = "Recently, two forms of virtue-related humor, benevolent and corrective, have been introduced. Benevolent humor treats human weaknesses and wrongdoings benevolently, while corrective humor aims at correcting and bettering them. Twelve marker items for benevolent and corrective humor (the BenCor) were developed, and it was demonstrated that they fill the gap between humor as temperament and virtue. The present study investigates responses to the BenCor from 25 samples in 22 countries (overall N = 7,226). The psychometric properties of the BenCor were found to be sufficient in most of the samples, including internal consistency, unidimensionality, and factorial validity. Importantly, benevolent and corrective humor were clearly established as two positively related, yet distinct dimensions of virtue-related humor. Metric measurement invariance was supported across the 25 samples, and scalar invariance was supported across six age groups (from 18 to 50+ years) and across gender. Comparisons of samples within and between four countries (Malaysia, Switzerland, Turkey, and the UK) showed that the item profiles were more similar within than between countries, though some evidence for regional differences was also found. This study thus supported, for the first time, the suitability of the 12 marker items of benevolent and corrective humor in different countries, enabling a cumulative cross-cultural research and eventually applications of humor aiming at the good.",
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Heintz, S, Ruch, W, Platt, T, Pang, D, Carretero-Dios, H, Dionigi, A, Gutiérrez, CA, Brdar, I, Brzozowska, D, Chen, HC, Chlopicki, W, Collins, M, Durka, R, El Yahfoufi, NY, Quiroga-Garza, A, Isler, RB, Mendiburo-Seguel, A, Ramis, TS, Saglam, B, Shcherbakova, OV, Singh, K, Stokenberga, I, Wong, PSO & Torres-Marín, J 2018, 'Psychometric Comparisons of Benevolent and Corrective Humor across 22 Countries: The virtue gap in humor goes international', Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 9, no. FEB, 92. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00092, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00092

Psychometric Comparisons of Benevolent and Corrective Humor across 22 Countries : The virtue gap in humor goes international. / Heintz, Sonja; Ruch, Willibald; Platt, Tracey; Pang, Dandan; Carretero-Dios, Hugo; Dionigi, Alberto; Gutiérrez, Catalina Argüello; Brdar, Ingrid; Brzozowska, Dorota; Chen, Hsueh Chih; Chlopicki, Wladyslaw; Collins, Matthew; Durka, Róbert; El Yahfoufi, Najwa Y.; Quiroga-Garza, Angélica; Isler, Robert B.; Mendiburo-Seguel, Andrés; Ramis, Tamil Selvan; Saglam, Betül; Shcherbakova, Olga V.; Singh, Kamlesh; Stokenberga, Ieva; Wong, Peter S.O.; Torres-Marín, Jorge.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 9, No. FEB, 92, 09.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Psychometric Comparisons of Benevolent and Corrective Humor across 22 Countries

T2 - The virtue gap in humor goes international

AU - Heintz, Sonja

AU - Ruch, Willibald

AU - Platt, Tracey

AU - Pang, Dandan

AU - Carretero-Dios, Hugo

AU - Dionigi, Alberto

AU - Gutiérrez, Catalina Argüello

AU - Brdar, Ingrid

AU - Brzozowska, Dorota

AU - Chen, Hsueh Chih

AU - Chlopicki, Wladyslaw

AU - Collins, Matthew

AU - Durka, Róbert

AU - El Yahfoufi, Najwa Y.

AU - Quiroga-Garza, Angélica

AU - Isler, Robert B.

AU - Mendiburo-Seguel, Andrés

AU - Ramis, Tamil Selvan

AU - Saglam, Betül

AU - Shcherbakova, Olga V.

AU - Singh, Kamlesh

AU - Stokenberga, Ieva

AU - Wong, Peter S.O.

AU - Torres-Marín, Jorge

PY - 2018/2/9

Y1 - 2018/2/9

N2 - Recently, two forms of virtue-related humor, benevolent and corrective, have been introduced. Benevolent humor treats human weaknesses and wrongdoings benevolently, while corrective humor aims at correcting and bettering them. Twelve marker items for benevolent and corrective humor (the BenCor) were developed, and it was demonstrated that they fill the gap between humor as temperament and virtue. The present study investigates responses to the BenCor from 25 samples in 22 countries (overall N = 7,226). The psychometric properties of the BenCor were found to be sufficient in most of the samples, including internal consistency, unidimensionality, and factorial validity. Importantly, benevolent and corrective humor were clearly established as two positively related, yet distinct dimensions of virtue-related humor. Metric measurement invariance was supported across the 25 samples, and scalar invariance was supported across six age groups (from 18 to 50+ years) and across gender. Comparisons of samples within and between four countries (Malaysia, Switzerland, Turkey, and the UK) showed that the item profiles were more similar within than between countries, though some evidence for regional differences was also found. This study thus supported, for the first time, the suitability of the 12 marker items of benevolent and corrective humor in different countries, enabling a cumulative cross-cultural research and eventually applications of humor aiming at the good.

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