Prevalencia de síntomas de enfermedad de la superficie ocular en pacientes que acuden a consulta oftalmológica

Manuel Garza-León, Everardo Hernández-Quintela, Héctor G. Cámara-Castillo, Paola de la Parra-Collin, Paola Covarrubias-Espinosa, Valeria Sánchez-Huerta, Alejandro Del Castillo-Ruiz, Fernando Rodríguez-Sixtos, Jorge Pacheco-Patrón, Juan Carlos Ochoa-Tabares, Karina Soto-Ortiz, Karen Hernández-Olguin

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of symptoms of ocular surface disease (OSDI) surface disease and its relationship with associated risk factors in patients of ophthalmic practices using OSDI questionnaire. Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted Between September and December 2014 to assess the prevalence and risk factors for OSDI. Results: The OSDI average value was 40.46 ± 23.62 points, with 86.4% of patients (1967) having a OSDI score higher than 12 points. Women had OSDI symptoms more frequently than men (odds ratio: 1.17; 95% confidence interval: 1.08-1.28) and higher OSDI score (42.12 ± 24.03 vs. 38.01 ± 22.81 points). Patients without disease were younger than the patients with severe disease (45.30 ± 18.32 vs. 50.62 ± 18.86). Conclusions: Ophthalmological patients have a prevalence of 80.4% of OSDI. Female and older age was associated with ocular surface disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769-774
Number of pages6
JournalGaceta Medica de Mexico
Volume153
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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    Garza-León, M., Hernández-Quintela, E., Cámara-Castillo, H. G., Parra-Collin, P. D. L., Covarrubias-Espinosa, P., Sánchez-Huerta, V., Castillo-Ruiz, A. D., Rodríguez-Sixtos, F., Pacheco-Patrón, J., Ochoa-Tabares, J. C., Soto-Ortiz, K., & Hernández-Olguin, K. (2017). Prevalencia de síntomas de enfermedad de la superficie ocular en pacientes que acuden a consulta oftalmológica. Gaceta Medica de Mexico, 153(7), 769-774. https://doi.org/10.24875/GMM.17002885