Prevalencia de miopía y factores de riesgo asociados en estudiantes de medicina en Monterrey

Translated title of the contribution: Prevalence of myopia and associated risk factors in medical students in Monterrey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Objective: Myopia has become a public health problem, so it is important to know the prevalence of myopia in different populations, like in medical students who are considered a risk group. Our objective was to know the prevalence of myopia in medical students of the University of Monterrey, as well as to study the associated risk factors.
Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional and observational study was conducted between October and December 2016. Three hundred medical students were evaluated regarding the presence of refractive errors through auto-kerato/refractometer
measurement and a questionnaire to analyze the presence of known risk factors for myopia.
Results: One hundred eighty- nine students (68.7%) had myopia in one eye, and 149 (54.2%) in both. From the factors evaluated, only two were
statistically significant. One was that patients with myopia were older than those without it (21.60 ± 2.27 vs. 20.77 ± 2.61, respectively; p = 0.01), and the second one was history of need of visual correction in all siblings (29.1 vs. 17.4% respectively; p = 0.04). Reading time, computer use, exercise time, overweight/obesity, having parents or one sibling who needs visual correction were similar between groups.
Conclusions: In this group of medical students, the prevalence of myopia based on a refraction without cycloplegia is higher compared to other demographic groups of the Americas, and the only associated risk factors were age and need of visual correction in all siblings
Original languageSpanish
Article numberDOI: 10.24875/RMO.M19000084
Pages (from-to)246-53
JournalRevista Mexicana de Oftalmologia
Volume93
Issue number5
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019

Fingerprint

Myopia
Medical Students
Siblings
Refractive Errors
Observational Studies
Reading
Public Health
Obesity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Parents
Demography
Exercise
Students
Population

Cite this

@article{c021d533cdaf43c89f4e0b907aa75e1c,
title = "Prevalencia de miop{\'i}a y factores de riesgo asociados en estudiantes de medicina en Monterrey",
abstract = "Background and Objective: Myopia has become a public health problem, so it is important to know the prevalence of myopia in different populations, like in medical students who are considered a risk group. Our objective was to know the prevalence of myopia in medical students of the University of Monterrey, as well as to study the associated risk factors.Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional and observational study was conducted between October and December 2016. Three hundred medical students were evaluated regarding the presence of refractive errors through auto-kerato/refractometermeasurement and a questionnaire to analyze the presence of known risk factors for myopia. Results: One hundred eighty- nine students (68.7{\%}) had myopia in one eye, and 149 (54.2{\%}) in both. From the factors evaluated, only two werestatistically significant. One was that patients with myopia were older than those without it (21.60 ± 2.27 vs. 20.77 ± 2.61, respectively; p = 0.01), and the second one was history of need of visual correction in all siblings (29.1 vs. 17.4{\%} respectively; p = 0.04). Reading time, computer use, exercise time, overweight/obesity, having parents or one sibling who needs visual correction were similar between groups. Conclusions: In this group of medical students, the prevalence of myopia based on a refraction without cycloplegia is higher compared to other demographic groups of the Americas, and the only associated risk factors were age and need of visual correction in all siblings",
author = "{Garza Le{\'o}n}, {Manuel Alejandro}",
year = "2019",
language = "Spanish",
volume = "93",
pages = "246--53",
journal = "Revista Mexicana de Oftalmologia",
issn = "0187-4519",
publisher = "Sociedad Mexicana de Oftalmologia S.C.",
number = "5",

}

Prevalencia de miopía y factores de riesgo asociados en estudiantes de medicina en Monterrey. / Garza León, Manuel Alejandro.

In: Revista Mexicana de Oftalmologia, Vol. 93, No. 5, DOI: 10.24875/RMO.M19000084, 2019, p. 246-53.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalencia de miopía y factores de riesgo asociados en estudiantes de medicina en Monterrey

AU - Garza León, Manuel Alejandro

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background and Objective: Myopia has become a public health problem, so it is important to know the prevalence of myopia in different populations, like in medical students who are considered a risk group. Our objective was to know the prevalence of myopia in medical students of the University of Monterrey, as well as to study the associated risk factors.Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional and observational study was conducted between October and December 2016. Three hundred medical students were evaluated regarding the presence of refractive errors through auto-kerato/refractometermeasurement and a questionnaire to analyze the presence of known risk factors for myopia. Results: One hundred eighty- nine students (68.7%) had myopia in one eye, and 149 (54.2%) in both. From the factors evaluated, only two werestatistically significant. One was that patients with myopia were older than those without it (21.60 ± 2.27 vs. 20.77 ± 2.61, respectively; p = 0.01), and the second one was history of need of visual correction in all siblings (29.1 vs. 17.4% respectively; p = 0.04). Reading time, computer use, exercise time, overweight/obesity, having parents or one sibling who needs visual correction were similar between groups. Conclusions: In this group of medical students, the prevalence of myopia based on a refraction without cycloplegia is higher compared to other demographic groups of the Americas, and the only associated risk factors were age and need of visual correction in all siblings

AB - Background and Objective: Myopia has become a public health problem, so it is important to know the prevalence of myopia in different populations, like in medical students who are considered a risk group. Our objective was to know the prevalence of myopia in medical students of the University of Monterrey, as well as to study the associated risk factors.Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional and observational study was conducted between October and December 2016. Three hundred medical students were evaluated regarding the presence of refractive errors through auto-kerato/refractometermeasurement and a questionnaire to analyze the presence of known risk factors for myopia. Results: One hundred eighty- nine students (68.7%) had myopia in one eye, and 149 (54.2%) in both. From the factors evaluated, only two werestatistically significant. One was that patients with myopia were older than those without it (21.60 ± 2.27 vs. 20.77 ± 2.61, respectively; p = 0.01), and the second one was history of need of visual correction in all siblings (29.1 vs. 17.4% respectively; p = 0.04). Reading time, computer use, exercise time, overweight/obesity, having parents or one sibling who needs visual correction were similar between groups. Conclusions: In this group of medical students, the prevalence of myopia based on a refraction without cycloplegia is higher compared to other demographic groups of the Americas, and the only associated risk factors were age and need of visual correction in all siblings

M3 - Article

VL - 93

SP - 246

EP - 253

JO - Revista Mexicana de Oftalmologia

JF - Revista Mexicana de Oftalmologia

SN - 0187-4519

IS - 5

M1 - DOI: 10.24875/RMO.M19000084

ER -