Observations of CH 4, C 2H 6, and C 2H 2in the Stratosphere of Jupiter

Pedro V. Sada, Gordon L. Bjoraker, Donald E. Jennings, George H. McCabe, Paul N. Romani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We have performed high-resolution spectral observations at mid-infrared wavelengths of CH4(8.14 μm), C2H6(12.16 μm), and C2H2(13.45 μm) on Jupiter. These emission features probe the stratosphere of the planet and provide information on the carbon-based photochemical processes taking place in that region of the atmosphere. The observations were performed using our cryogenic echelle spectrometer CELESTE, in conjunction with the McMath-Pierce 1.5-m solar telescope between November 1994 and February 1995. We used the methane observations to derive the temperature profile of the jovian atmosphere in the 1-10 mbar region of the stratosphere. This profile was then used in conjunction with height-dependent mixing ratios of each hydrocarbon to determine global abundances for ethane and acetylene. The resulting mixing ratios are 3.9+1.9-1.3× 10-6for C2H6(5 mbar pressure level), and 2.3 ± 0.5 × 10-8for C2H2(8 mbar pressure level), where the quoted uncertainties are derived from model variations in the temperature profile which match the methane observation uncertainties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-201
JournalIcarus
Volume136
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 1998
Externally publishedYes

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stratosphere
Jupiter (planet)
mixing ratio
Jupiter
methane
methylidyne
ethane
acetylene
mixing ratios
spectral resolution
temperature profile
spectrometer
planet
probe
atmosphere
carbon
temperature profiles
planets
telescopes
spectrometers

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Sada, P. V., Bjoraker, G. L., Jennings, D. E., McCabe, G. H., & Romani, P. N. (1998). Observations of CH 4, C 2H 6, and C 2H 2in the Stratosphere of Jupiter. Icarus, 136(2), 192-201. https://doi.org/10.1006/icar.1998.6021
Sada, Pedro V. ; Bjoraker, Gordon L. ; Jennings, Donald E. ; McCabe, George H. ; Romani, Paul N. / Observations of CH 4, C 2H 6, and C 2H 2in the Stratosphere of Jupiter. In: Icarus. 1998 ; Vol. 136, No. 2. pp. 192-201.
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Sada, PV, Bjoraker, GL, Jennings, DE, McCabe, GH & Romani, PN 1998, 'Observations of CH 4, C 2H 6, and C 2H 2in the Stratosphere of Jupiter', Icarus, vol. 136, no. 2, pp. 192-201. https://doi.org/10.1006/icar.1998.6021

Observations of CH 4, C 2H 6, and C 2H 2in the Stratosphere of Jupiter. / Sada, Pedro V.; Bjoraker, Gordon L.; Jennings, Donald E.; McCabe, George H.; Romani, Paul N.

In: Icarus, Vol. 136, No. 2, 01.12.1998, p. 192-201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Observations of CH 4, C 2H 6, and C 2H 2in the Stratosphere of Jupiter

AU - Sada, Pedro V.

AU - Bjoraker, Gordon L.

AU - Jennings, Donald E.

AU - McCabe, George H.

AU - Romani, Paul N.

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Y1 - 1998/12/1

N2 - We have performed high-resolution spectral observations at mid-infrared wavelengths of CH4(8.14 μm), C2H6(12.16 μm), and C2H2(13.45 μm) on Jupiter. These emission features probe the stratosphere of the planet and provide information on the carbon-based photochemical processes taking place in that region of the atmosphere. The observations were performed using our cryogenic echelle spectrometer CELESTE, in conjunction with the McMath-Pierce 1.5-m solar telescope between November 1994 and February 1995. We used the methane observations to derive the temperature profile of the jovian atmosphere in the 1-10 mbar region of the stratosphere. This profile was then used in conjunction with height-dependent mixing ratios of each hydrocarbon to determine global abundances for ethane and acetylene. The resulting mixing ratios are 3.9+1.9-1.3× 10-6for C2H6(5 mbar pressure level), and 2.3 ± 0.5 × 10-8for C2H2(8 mbar pressure level), where the quoted uncertainties are derived from model variations in the temperature profile which match the methane observation uncertainties.

AB - We have performed high-resolution spectral observations at mid-infrared wavelengths of CH4(8.14 μm), C2H6(12.16 μm), and C2H2(13.45 μm) on Jupiter. These emission features probe the stratosphere of the planet and provide information on the carbon-based photochemical processes taking place in that region of the atmosphere. The observations were performed using our cryogenic echelle spectrometer CELESTE, in conjunction with the McMath-Pierce 1.5-m solar telescope between November 1994 and February 1995. We used the methane observations to derive the temperature profile of the jovian atmosphere in the 1-10 mbar region of the stratosphere. This profile was then used in conjunction with height-dependent mixing ratios of each hydrocarbon to determine global abundances for ethane and acetylene. The resulting mixing ratios are 3.9+1.9-1.3× 10-6for C2H6(5 mbar pressure level), and 2.3 ± 0.5 × 10-8for C2H2(8 mbar pressure level), where the quoted uncertainties are derived from model variations in the temperature profile which match the methane observation uncertainties.

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Sada PV, Bjoraker GL, Jennings DE, McCabe GH, Romani PN. Observations of CH 4, C 2H 6, and C 2H 2in the Stratosphere of Jupiter. Icarus. 1998 Dec 1;136(2):192-201. https://doi.org/10.1006/icar.1998.6021