Nutritional status evaluation and nutrient intake in adult patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and their contacts

Joselina Huerta Oros, Eduardo Campos Góngora, Julieta López Martínez, Gerardo I. Arredondo Mendoza, Zacarías Jiménez Salas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Malnutrition is a common status in patients with tuberculosis (TB). Because TB is disseminated through the sputum of infected persons, individuals who maintain relations with a TB patient are at high risk of infection; this risk is greater when contacts present an inadequate nutritional status. The aim of this work was to analyse and compare the nutritional status and macro and micronutrient intake of TB patients and their household contacts. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out in TB patients from Nuevo Leon, México, and their household contacts. Thirty-nine patients diagnosed with TB and 62 contacts were evaluated. Anthropometric evaluation was performed considering weight, height, body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR); nutrient intake was evaluated by applying 24-hour dietary recalls. Results: According to anthropometric assessment, the study population showed a greater trend towards being overweight and obese; 62% of TB patients and contacts had this type of malnutrition, while only 8% of individuals were undernourished. A greater tendency towards malnutrition was observed in the TB patient group. Conclusions: TB patients and their contacts presented as overweight and obese. Both groups showed similar patterns in macro and micronutrient intake. Implications of deficiencies in the intake of these nutrients are discussed on the basis of their effects on individual health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-310
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Infection in Developing Countries
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Nutritional Status
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis
Food
Malnutrition
Micronutrients
Waist-Hip Ratio
Sputum
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Weights and Measures
Health
Infection
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology

Cite this

Huerta Oros, Joselina ; Campos Góngora, Eduardo ; López Martínez, Julieta ; Arredondo Mendoza, Gerardo I. ; Jiménez Salas, Zacarías. / Nutritional status evaluation and nutrient intake in adult patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and their contacts. In: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries. 2019 ; Vol. 13, No. 4. pp. 303-310.
@article{f7f904ee5eb74223bba5ee0881b7bec4,
title = "Nutritional status evaluation and nutrient intake in adult patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and their contacts",
abstract = "Introduction: Malnutrition is a common status in patients with tuberculosis (TB). Because TB is disseminated through the sputum of infected persons, individuals who maintain relations with a TB patient are at high risk of infection; this risk is greater when contacts present an inadequate nutritional status. The aim of this work was to analyse and compare the nutritional status and macro and micronutrient intake of TB patients and their household contacts. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out in TB patients from Nuevo Leon, M{\'e}xico, and their household contacts. Thirty-nine patients diagnosed with TB and 62 contacts were evaluated. Anthropometric evaluation was performed considering weight, height, body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR); nutrient intake was evaluated by applying 24-hour dietary recalls. Results: According to anthropometric assessment, the study population showed a greater trend towards being overweight and obese; 62{\%} of TB patients and contacts had this type of malnutrition, while only 8{\%} of individuals were undernourished. A greater tendency towards malnutrition was observed in the TB patient group. Conclusions: TB patients and their contacts presented as overweight and obese. Both groups showed similar patterns in macro and micronutrient intake. Implications of deficiencies in the intake of these nutrients are discussed on the basis of their effects on individual health.",
author = "{Huerta Oros}, Joselina and {Campos G{\'o}ngora}, Eduardo and {L{\'o}pez Mart{\'i}nez}, Julieta and {Arredondo Mendoza}, {Gerardo I.} and {Jim{\'e}nez Salas}, Zacar{\'i}as",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3855/jidc.11267",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "303--310",
journal = "Journal of Infection in Developing Countries",
issn = "1972-2680",
publisher = "Journal of Infection in Developing Countries",
number = "4",

}

Nutritional status evaluation and nutrient intake in adult patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and their contacts. / Huerta Oros, Joselina; Campos Góngora, Eduardo; López Martínez, Julieta; Arredondo Mendoza, Gerardo I.; Jiménez Salas, Zacarías.

In: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, Vol. 13, No. 4, 01.04.2019, p. 303-310.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nutritional status evaluation and nutrient intake in adult patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and their contacts

AU - Huerta Oros, Joselina

AU - Campos Góngora, Eduardo

AU - López Martínez, Julieta

AU - Arredondo Mendoza, Gerardo I.

AU - Jiménez Salas, Zacarías

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Introduction: Malnutrition is a common status in patients with tuberculosis (TB). Because TB is disseminated through the sputum of infected persons, individuals who maintain relations with a TB patient are at high risk of infection; this risk is greater when contacts present an inadequate nutritional status. The aim of this work was to analyse and compare the nutritional status and macro and micronutrient intake of TB patients and their household contacts. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out in TB patients from Nuevo Leon, México, and their household contacts. Thirty-nine patients diagnosed with TB and 62 contacts were evaluated. Anthropometric evaluation was performed considering weight, height, body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR); nutrient intake was evaluated by applying 24-hour dietary recalls. Results: According to anthropometric assessment, the study population showed a greater trend towards being overweight and obese; 62% of TB patients and contacts had this type of malnutrition, while only 8% of individuals were undernourished. A greater tendency towards malnutrition was observed in the TB patient group. Conclusions: TB patients and their contacts presented as overweight and obese. Both groups showed similar patterns in macro and micronutrient intake. Implications of deficiencies in the intake of these nutrients are discussed on the basis of their effects on individual health.

AB - Introduction: Malnutrition is a common status in patients with tuberculosis (TB). Because TB is disseminated through the sputum of infected persons, individuals who maintain relations with a TB patient are at high risk of infection; this risk is greater when contacts present an inadequate nutritional status. The aim of this work was to analyse and compare the nutritional status and macro and micronutrient intake of TB patients and their household contacts. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out in TB patients from Nuevo Leon, México, and their household contacts. Thirty-nine patients diagnosed with TB and 62 contacts were evaluated. Anthropometric evaluation was performed considering weight, height, body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR); nutrient intake was evaluated by applying 24-hour dietary recalls. Results: According to anthropometric assessment, the study population showed a greater trend towards being overweight and obese; 62% of TB patients and contacts had this type of malnutrition, while only 8% of individuals were undernourished. A greater tendency towards malnutrition was observed in the TB patient group. Conclusions: TB patients and their contacts presented as overweight and obese. Both groups showed similar patterns in macro and micronutrient intake. Implications of deficiencies in the intake of these nutrients are discussed on the basis of their effects on individual health.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067895685&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85067895685&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/nutritional-status-evaluation-nutrient-intake-adult-patients-pulmonary-tuberculosis-contacts

U2 - 10.3855/jidc.11267

DO - 10.3855/jidc.11267

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 303

EP - 310

JO - Journal of Infection in Developing Countries

JF - Journal of Infection in Developing Countries

SN - 1972-2680

IS - 4

ER -