Multi Observer-Based Sliding Mode Load Frequency Control With Input Delay Estimation

Ark Dev, David Fernando Novella Rodriguez, Sumant Anand, Mrinal Kanti Sarkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The letter proposes frequency stability in power systems with input delay. A closed loop system can be oscillatory or even unstable without the exact knowledge of delay. Therefore, it is desirable to design a control scheme which is based on the estimation of unknown delay. The proposed design consists of an infinite dimensional observer with an adaptive time delay estimation and a sliding mode controller (SMC). The merit of the proposed concept lies in the fact that the unknown delay is valued by just estimating the smallest delay segment. The controller input is obtained from a set of sequential observers that predicts the system states and ensures asymptotic stability of the closed loop system with input delay estimation. The existence of sliding mode and the closed loop system stability is proved thanks to the Lyapunov and Lyapunov–Krasovskii candidate functionals, respectively. Simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed design.
Original languageEnglish
JournalASME Letters in Dynamic Systems and Control
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2021


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