Modelling of temperature distribution of a square bar during spray quenching and square edge cooling effect

G. M. Martínez-Cázares, D. E. Lozano, M. P. Guerrero-Mata, R. Colás, L. C.F. Canale, G. E. Totten

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

An AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel square bar, with a length to thickness ratio 5:1 was heated at 900°C and spray quenched with water using 4 full oval nozzles. Five thermocouples were placed in the probe to record the cooling time-temperature curves. Three were placed at mid-thickness plane, being one in the geometric centre, and the other thermocouples were placed 1/4 thickness and near surface (1 mm). In addition, another two thermocouples were placed in a 45° plane (diagonal from center to square edge), one at 1/2 diagonal and the other near the surface (1 mm from two surfaces in the diagonal, at √2 mm from the square edge). The thermocouples were placed at mid-length in order to ignore the end-cooling effects and to facilitate the computation with 1D heat transfer. In addition, the square edge cooling effect was analyzed. FEM was used to model the transient temperature distribution during cooling. It was found that the cooling rate at the square edge was a factor of 1.5 greater than the cooling rate at the surface of the center of the flat face. The distance from the edge that is affected was determined.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationQuenching Control and Distortion - Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference
Pages502-509
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference: Quenching Control and Distortion, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: 9 Sep 201213 Sep 2012

Conference

Conference6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference: Quenching Control and Distortion, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference
CountryUnited States
CityChicago, IL
Period9/9/1213/9/12

Fingerprint

Quenching
Temperature distribution
Thermocouples
Cooling
Austenitic stainless steel
Nozzles
Heat transfer
Finite element method
Water
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering

Cite this

Martínez-Cázares, G. M., Lozano, D. E., Guerrero-Mata, M. P., Colás, R., Canale, L. C. F., & Totten, G. E. (2012). Modelling of temperature distribution of a square bar during spray quenching and square edge cooling effect. In Quenching Control and Distortion - Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference (pp. 502-509)
Martínez-Cázares, G. M. ; Lozano, D. E. ; Guerrero-Mata, M. P. ; Colás, R. ; Canale, L. C.F. ; Totten, G. E. / Modelling of temperature distribution of a square bar during spray quenching and square edge cooling effect. Quenching Control and Distortion - Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference. 2012. pp. 502-509
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abstract = "An AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel square bar, with a length to thickness ratio 5:1 was heated at 900°C and spray quenched with water using 4 full oval nozzles. Five thermocouples were placed in the probe to record the cooling time-temperature curves. Three were placed at mid-thickness plane, being one in the geometric centre, and the other thermocouples were placed 1/4 thickness and near surface (1 mm). In addition, another two thermocouples were placed in a 45° plane (diagonal from center to square edge), one at 1/2 diagonal and the other near the surface (1 mm from two surfaces in the diagonal, at √2 mm from the square edge). The thermocouples were placed at mid-length in order to ignore the end-cooling effects and to facilitate the computation with 1D heat transfer. In addition, the square edge cooling effect was analyzed. FEM was used to model the transient temperature distribution during cooling. It was found that the cooling rate at the square edge was a factor of 1.5 greater than the cooling rate at the surface of the center of the flat face. The distance from the edge that is affected was determined.",
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Martínez-Cázares, GM, Lozano, DE, Guerrero-Mata, MP, Colás, R, Canale, LCF & Totten, GE 2012, Modelling of temperature distribution of a square bar during spray quenching and square edge cooling effect. in Quenching Control and Distortion - Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference. pp. 502-509, 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference: Quenching Control and Distortion, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference, Chicago, IL, United States, 9/9/12.

Modelling of temperature distribution of a square bar during spray quenching and square edge cooling effect. / Martínez-Cázares, G. M.; Lozano, D. E.; Guerrero-Mata, M. P.; Colás, R.; Canale, L. C.F.; Totten, G. E.

Quenching Control and Distortion - Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference. 2012. p. 502-509.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AB - An AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel square bar, with a length to thickness ratio 5:1 was heated at 900°C and spray quenched with water using 4 full oval nozzles. Five thermocouples were placed in the probe to record the cooling time-temperature curves. Three were placed at mid-thickness plane, being one in the geometric centre, and the other thermocouples were placed 1/4 thickness and near surface (1 mm). In addition, another two thermocouples were placed in a 45° plane (diagonal from center to square edge), one at 1/2 diagonal and the other near the surface (1 mm from two surfaces in the diagonal, at √2 mm from the square edge). The thermocouples were placed at mid-length in order to ignore the end-cooling effects and to facilitate the computation with 1D heat transfer. In addition, the square edge cooling effect was analyzed. FEM was used to model the transient temperature distribution during cooling. It was found that the cooling rate at the square edge was a factor of 1.5 greater than the cooling rate at the surface of the center of the flat face. The distance from the edge that is affected was determined.

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Martínez-Cázares GM, Lozano DE, Guerrero-Mata MP, Colás R, Canale LCF, Totten GE. Modelling of temperature distribution of a square bar during spray quenching and square edge cooling effect. In Quenching Control and Distortion - Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference. 2012. p. 502-509