MEGARA optics: Sub-aperture stitching interferometry for large surfaces

D. Aguirre-Aguirre, E. Carrasco, R. Izazaga-Pérez, G. Páez, F. Granados-Agustín, E. Percino-Zacarías, A. Gil De Paz, J. Gallego, J. Iglesias-Páramo, B. Villalobos-Mendoza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, we present a detailed analysis of sub-aperture interferogram stitching software to test circular and elliptical clear apertures with diameters and long axes up to 272 and 180 mm, respectively, from the Multi-Espectrógrafo en GTC de Alta Resolución para Astronomía (MEGARA). MEGARA is a new spectrograph for the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC). It offers a resolution between 6000 and 20000 via the use of volume phase holographic gratings. It has an integral field unit and a set of robots for multi-object spectroscopy at the telescope focal plane. The output end of the fibers forms the spectrograph pseudo-slit. The fixed geometry of the collimator and camera configuration requires prisms in addition to the flat windows of the volume phase holographic gratings. There are 73 optical elements of large aperture and high precision manufactured in Mexico at the Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica (INAOE) and the Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica (CIO). The principle of stitching interferometry is to divide the surface being tested into overlapping small sections, which allows an easier analysis (Kim & Wyant 1981). This capability is ideal for non-contact tests for unique and large optics as required by astronomical instruments. We show that the results obtained with our sub-aperture stitching algorithm were consistent with other methods that analyze the entire aperture. We used this method to analyze the 24 MEGARA prisms that could not be tested otherwise. The instrument has been successfully commissioned at GTC in all the spectral configurations. The fulfillment of the irregularity specifications was one of the necessary conditions to comply with the spectral requirements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045001
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Volume130
Issue number986
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

interferometry
apertures
optics
spectroscopy
prisms
spectrographs
software
geometry
gratings
Mexico
collimators
configurations
robots
irregularities
slits
specifications
cameras
analysis
method
test

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Aguirre-Aguirre, D., Carrasco, E., Izazaga-Pérez, R., Páez, G., Granados-Agustín, F., Percino-Zacarías, E., ... Villalobos-Mendoza, B. (2018). MEGARA optics: Sub-aperture stitching interferometry for large surfaces. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 130(986), [045001]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1538-3873/aaa6b1
Aguirre-Aguirre, D. ; Carrasco, E. ; Izazaga-Pérez, R. ; Páez, G. ; Granados-Agustín, F. ; Percino-Zacarías, E. ; Gil De Paz, A. ; Gallego, J. ; Iglesias-Páramo, J. ; Villalobos-Mendoza, B. / MEGARA optics: Sub-aperture stitching interferometry for large surfaces. In: Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 2018 ; Vol. 130, No. 986.
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Aguirre-Aguirre, D, Carrasco, E, Izazaga-Pérez, R, Páez, G, Granados-Agustín, F, Percino-Zacarías, E, Gil De Paz, A, Gallego, J, Iglesias-Páramo, J & Villalobos-Mendoza, B 2018, 'MEGARA optics: Sub-aperture stitching interferometry for large surfaces', Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, vol. 130, no. 986, 045001. https://doi.org/10.1088/1538-3873/aaa6b1

MEGARA optics: Sub-aperture stitching interferometry for large surfaces. / Aguirre-Aguirre, D.; Carrasco, E.; Izazaga-Pérez, R.; Páez, G.; Granados-Agustín, F.; Percino-Zacarías, E.; Gil De Paz, A.; Gallego, J.; Iglesias-Páramo, J.; Villalobos-Mendoza, B.

In: Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 130, No. 986, 045001, 01.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Aguirre-Aguirre, D.

AU - Carrasco, E.

AU - Izazaga-Pérez, R.

AU - Páez, G.

AU - Granados-Agustín, F.

AU - Percino-Zacarías, E.

AU - Gil De Paz, A.

AU - Gallego, J.

AU - Iglesias-Páramo, J.

AU - Villalobos-Mendoza, B.

PY - 2018/4/1

Y1 - 2018/4/1

N2 - In this work, we present a detailed analysis of sub-aperture interferogram stitching software to test circular and elliptical clear apertures with diameters and long axes up to 272 and 180 mm, respectively, from the Multi-Espectrógrafo en GTC de Alta Resolución para Astronomía (MEGARA). MEGARA is a new spectrograph for the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC). It offers a resolution between 6000 and 20000 via the use of volume phase holographic gratings. It has an integral field unit and a set of robots for multi-object spectroscopy at the telescope focal plane. The output end of the fibers forms the spectrograph pseudo-slit. The fixed geometry of the collimator and camera configuration requires prisms in addition to the flat windows of the volume phase holographic gratings. There are 73 optical elements of large aperture and high precision manufactured in Mexico at the Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica (INAOE) and the Centro de Investigaciones en Óptica (CIO). The principle of stitching interferometry is to divide the surface being tested into overlapping small sections, which allows an easier analysis (Kim & Wyant 1981). This capability is ideal for non-contact tests for unique and large optics as required by astronomical instruments. We show that the results obtained with our sub-aperture stitching algorithm were consistent with other methods that analyze the entire aperture. We used this method to analyze the 24 MEGARA prisms that could not be tested otherwise. The instrument has been successfully commissioned at GTC in all the spectral configurations. The fulfillment of the irregularity specifications was one of the necessary conditions to comply with the spectral requirements.

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Aguirre-Aguirre D, Carrasco E, Izazaga-Pérez R, Páez G, Granados-Agustín F, Percino-Zacarías E et al. MEGARA optics: Sub-aperture stitching interferometry for large surfaces. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 2018 Apr 1;130(986). 045001. https://doi.org/10.1088/1538-3873/aaa6b1