Maximum heart rate during exercise: Reliability of the 220-age and Tanaka formulas in healthy young people at a moderate elevation

Luis Eduardo Cruz-Martínez*, Jaime Tomás Rojas-Valencia, Juan Felipe Correa-Mesa, Juan Carlos Correa-Morales

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. The formulas to predict maximum heart rate have been used for many years in different populations. Objective. To verify the significance and the association of formulas of Tanaka and 220-age when compared to real maximum heart rate. Materials and methods. 30 subjects –22 men, 8 women– between 18 and 30 years of age were evaluated on a cycle ergometer and their real MHR values were statistically compared with the values of formulas currently used to predict MHR. Results. The results demonstrate that both Tanaka p=0.0026 and 220-age p=0.000003 do not predict real MHR, nor does a linear association exist between them. Conclusions. Due to the overestimation with respect to real MHR value that these formulas make, we suggest a correction of 6 bpm to the final result. This value represents the median of the difference between the Tanaka value and the real MHR. Both Tanaka (r=0.272) and 220-age (r=0.276) are not adequate predictors of MHR during exercise at the elevation of Bogotá in subjects of 18 to 30 years of age, although more study with a larger sample size is suggested.

Translated title of the contributionFrecuencia cardíaca máxima en ejercicio: Confiabilidad de las fórmulas de 220-edad y Tanaka en jóvenes saludables en altitud moderada
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)579-585
Number of pages7
JournalRevista Facultad de Medicina
Volume62
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2014, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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