Less human, more to blame: Animalizing poor people increases blame and decreases support for wealth redistribution

Mario Sainz, Rocío Martínez, Robbie M. Sutton, Rosa Rodríguez-Bailón, Miguel Moya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Increasing economic inequality adversely affects groups with low socioeconomic status (low-SES). However, many people are opposed to wealth redistribution policies. In this context, we examined whether dehumanization of low-SES groups has a role in this opposition. In the first study (N = 303), opposition to wealth redistribution was related to denying human uniqueness (e.g., intelligence and rationality) and having negative attitudes toward low-SES groups, more than denying human nature (e.g., emotionality and capacity to suffer) to low-SES groups. Mediation analyses indicated that this effect occurred via blaming low-SES groups for their plight, after controlling for participants’ SES and negative attitudes towards low-SES groups. In the second study (N = 220), manipulating the human uniqueness of a fictitious low-SES group affected support for wealth redistribution measures through blame. These results indicate that animalizing low-SES groups reduces support for wealth redistribution via blaming low-SES groups for their situation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalGroup Processes and Intergroup Relations
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

status group
redistribution
Social Class
social status
Economics
Dehumanization
opposition
policy on property
Wealth
Redistribution
Socioeconomic Status
emotionality
Intelligence
rationality
mediation
intelligence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Communication
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

@article{4fae750d11cc4ceaac047c684dbafe5b,
title = "Less human, more to blame: Animalizing poor people increases blame and decreases support for wealth redistribution",
abstract = "Increasing economic inequality adversely affects groups with low socioeconomic status (low-SES). However, many people are opposed to wealth redistribution policies. In this context, we examined whether dehumanization of low-SES groups has a role in this opposition. In the first study (N = 303), opposition to wealth redistribution was related to denying human uniqueness (e.g., intelligence and rationality) and having negative attitudes toward low-SES groups, more than denying human nature (e.g., emotionality and capacity to suffer) to low-SES groups. Mediation analyses indicated that this effect occurred via blaming low-SES groups for their plight, after controlling for participants’ SES and negative attitudes towards low-SES groups. In the second study (N = 220), manipulating the human uniqueness of a fictitious low-SES group affected support for wealth redistribution measures through blame. These results indicate that animalizing low-SES groups reduces support for wealth redistribution via blaming low-SES groups for their situation.",
author = "Mario Sainz and Roc{\'i}o Mart{\'i}nez and Sutton, {Robbie M.} and Rosa Rodr{\'i}guez-Bail{\'o}n and Miguel Moya",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1177/1368430219841135",
language = "English",
pages = "1--14",
journal = "Group Processes and Intergroup Relations",
issn = "1368-4302",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",

}

Less human, more to blame : Animalizing poor people increases blame and decreases support for wealth redistribution. / Sainz, Mario; Martínez, Rocío; Sutton, Robbie M.; Rodríguez-Bailón, Rosa; Moya, Miguel.

In: Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 31.05.2019, p. 1-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Less human, more to blame

T2 - Animalizing poor people increases blame and decreases support for wealth redistribution

AU - Sainz, Mario

AU - Martínez, Rocío

AU - Sutton, Robbie M.

AU - Rodríguez-Bailón, Rosa

AU - Moya, Miguel

PY - 2019/5/31

Y1 - 2019/5/31

N2 - Increasing economic inequality adversely affects groups with low socioeconomic status (low-SES). However, many people are opposed to wealth redistribution policies. In this context, we examined whether dehumanization of low-SES groups has a role in this opposition. In the first study (N = 303), opposition to wealth redistribution was related to denying human uniqueness (e.g., intelligence and rationality) and having negative attitudes toward low-SES groups, more than denying human nature (e.g., emotionality and capacity to suffer) to low-SES groups. Mediation analyses indicated that this effect occurred via blaming low-SES groups for their plight, after controlling for participants’ SES and negative attitudes towards low-SES groups. In the second study (N = 220), manipulating the human uniqueness of a fictitious low-SES group affected support for wealth redistribution measures through blame. These results indicate that animalizing low-SES groups reduces support for wealth redistribution via blaming low-SES groups for their situation.

AB - Increasing economic inequality adversely affects groups with low socioeconomic status (low-SES). However, many people are opposed to wealth redistribution policies. In this context, we examined whether dehumanization of low-SES groups has a role in this opposition. In the first study (N = 303), opposition to wealth redistribution was related to denying human uniqueness (e.g., intelligence and rationality) and having negative attitudes toward low-SES groups, more than denying human nature (e.g., emotionality and capacity to suffer) to low-SES groups. Mediation analyses indicated that this effect occurred via blaming low-SES groups for their plight, after controlling for participants’ SES and negative attitudes towards low-SES groups. In the second study (N = 220), manipulating the human uniqueness of a fictitious low-SES group affected support for wealth redistribution measures through blame. These results indicate that animalizing low-SES groups reduces support for wealth redistribution via blaming low-SES groups for their situation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066872846&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85066872846&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/1368430219841135

DO - 10.1177/1368430219841135

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85066872846

SP - 1

EP - 14

JO - Group Processes and Intergroup Relations

JF - Group Processes and Intergroup Relations

SN - 1368-4302

ER -