Latent Tuberculosis Infection Screening Acceptability among Migrant Farmworkers

Obiyo Osuchukwu, Maria Nuῆez, Samuel Packard, John Ehiri, Cecilia Rosales, Eric Hawkins, José Gabino Gerardo Avilés, Francisco Gonzalez-Salazar, Eyal Oren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Latent tuberculosis (TB) infection is routinely diagnosed using the tuberculin skin test (TST). New methods of detection more specific than TST such as QuantiFERON TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) have been developed but evidence remains limited on their acceptability among migrant farmworkers. This article examined the acceptability of screening tests among migrant farmworkers working on the Arizona-Mexico border. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of migrant farmworkers via questionnaire. Of 83 participants interviewed, 53 (63.9%) believed that TB was a serious disease that could result in death and 59 (71.1%) considered TB a health concern in their community. Sixty-four participants (77.1%) rated QFT-GIT test as performing better than TST. Our study demonstrates preference for QFT-GIT results over TST, and highlights migrant farmworkers’ considering themselves at risk of TB and TB as a health concern. Policies that create easy access and culturally appropriate, affordable healthcare for this vulnerable population should be encouraged.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-74
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Migration
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography

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  • Cite this

    Osuchukwu, O., Nuῆez, M., Packard, S., Ehiri, J., Rosales, C., Hawkins, E., Gerardo Avilés, J. G., Gonzalez-Salazar, F., & Oren, E. (2017). Latent Tuberculosis Infection Screening Acceptability among Migrant Farmworkers. International Migration, 55(5), 62-74. https://doi.org/10.1111/imig.12275