International migration and the gender wage gap

Raymundo M. Campos-Vazquez, Jaime Lara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article analyzes the effect of international migration on the wage gap between women and men who remain in Mexico. We use historical distance to the U.S. border over early twentieth-century railroad networks as an exogenous factor causing changes in the relative supply of men and women, due to predominately male migration. A 10% decrease in the relative labor supply of men tends to increase the wage gap between women and men by approximately 1.1 percentage points, suggesting that they are not perfect substitutes. However, the results imply a greater elasticity of substitution between men and women than that suggested by previous studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-232
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Demographic Economics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © Université catholique de Louvain 2021.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Demography
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Economics and Econometrics


Dive into the research topics of 'International migration and the gender wage gap'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this