Impact of daily chlorhexidine baths and hand hygiene compliance on nosocomial infection rates in critically ill patients

Michel Fernando Martínez-Reséndez, Elvira Garza-González, Soraya Mendoza-Olazaran, Alexis Herrera-Guerra, Juan Manuel Rodríguez-López, Edelmiro Pérez-Rodriguez, Roberto Mercado-Longoria, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Up to 25% of all nosocomial infections (NIs) develop in critically ill patients. Our objective was to evaluate chlorhexidine (CHX) bathing and hand hygiene (HH) compliance in the reduction of NIs in the intensive care unit.

METHODS: The study comprised three 6-month periods: preintervention (PIP; soap/water bathing), intervention (IP; bathing with CHX-impregnated wipes), and postintervention (PoIP; soap/water bathing). An HH program was implemented during the IP and PoIP. Primary outcomes were global and specific NI rates.

RESULTS: A total of 1007 patients were included. Infection rates per 100 discharges were higher in the PIP compared with the IP and also higher in the PoIP compared with the IP (P = .0004 and .0109, respectively). Global infection rates per 1000 hospital-days were higher in the PIP than in the IP (P = .0268). The rates of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) were higher in the PIP than in the IP (P = .036 and .0001, respectively). Isolation of Acinetobacter baumannii from VAP specimens (P = .0204) and isolation of Candida spp from CAUTI specimens (P = .0005) decreased as well.

CONCLUSION: The combined intervention reduced global and specific infection rates, including rates of VAP associated with A baumannii and CAUTI associated with Candida spp.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-7
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Infection Control
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2014 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of daily chlorhexidine baths and hand hygiene compliance on nosocomial infection rates in critically ill patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Martínez-Reséndez, M. F., Garza-González, E., Mendoza-Olazaran, S., Herrera-Guerra, A., Rodríguez-López, J. M., Pérez-Rodriguez, E., Mercado-Longoria, R., & Camacho-Ortiz, A. (2014). Impact of daily chlorhexidine baths and hand hygiene compliance on nosocomial infection rates in critically ill patients. American Journal of Infection Control, 42(7), 713-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajic.2014.03.354