How does music aid 5 km of running?

Marcelo Bigliassi, Umberto León-Domínguez, Cosme F. Buzzachera, Vinícius Barreto-Silva, Leandro R. Altimari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 National Strength and Conditioning Association. This research investigated the effects of music and its time of application on a 5-km run. Fifteen well-trained male long-distance runners (24.87 ± 2.47 years; 78.87 ± 10.57 kg; 178 ± 07 cm) participated in this study. Five randomized experimental conditions during a 5-km run on an official track were tested (PM: motivational songs, applied before 5 km of running; SM: slow motivational songs, applied during 5 km of running; FM: fast and motivational songs, applied during 5 km of running; CS: calm songs, applied after 5 km of running; CO: control condition). Psychophysiological assessments were performed before (functional near-infrared spectroscopy, heart rate variability [HRV], valence, and arousal), during (performance time, heart rate, and rate of perceived exertion [RPE]), and after (mood, RPE, and HRV) tests. The chosen songs were considered pleasurable and capable of activating. Furthermore, they activated the 3 assessed prefrontal cortex (PFC) areas (medial, right dorsolateral, and left dorsolateral) similarly, generating positive emotional consequences by autonomous system analysis. The first 800 m was accomplished faster for SM and FM compared with other conditions (p ≤ 0.05); moreover, there was a high probability of improving running performance when music was applied (SM: 89%; FM: 85%; PM: 39%). Finally, music was capable of accelerating vagal tonus after 5 km of running with CS (p ≤ 0.05). In conclusion, music was able to activate the PFC area, minimize perceptions, improve performance, and accelerate recovery during 5 km of running.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-314
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Music
Heart Rate
Prefrontal Cortex
Near-Infrared Spectroscopy
Carbon Monoxide
Systems Analysis
Arousal
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Bigliassi, Marcelo ; León-Domínguez, Umberto ; Buzzachera, Cosme F. ; Barreto-Silva, Vinícius ; Altimari, Leandro R. / How does music aid 5 km of running?. In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2015 ; pp. 305-314.
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How does music aid 5 km of running? / Bigliassi, Marcelo; León-Domínguez, Umberto; Buzzachera, Cosme F.; Barreto-Silva, Vinícius; Altimari, Leandro R.

In: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 01.02.2015, p. 305-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Bigliassi, Marcelo

AU - León-Domínguez, Umberto

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AU - Barreto-Silva, Vinícius

AU - Altimari, Leandro R.

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AB - © 2015 National Strength and Conditioning Association. This research investigated the effects of music and its time of application on a 5-km run. Fifteen well-trained male long-distance runners (24.87 ± 2.47 years; 78.87 ± 10.57 kg; 178 ± 07 cm) participated in this study. Five randomized experimental conditions during a 5-km run on an official track were tested (PM: motivational songs, applied before 5 km of running; SM: slow motivational songs, applied during 5 km of running; FM: fast and motivational songs, applied during 5 km of running; CS: calm songs, applied after 5 km of running; CO: control condition). Psychophysiological assessments were performed before (functional near-infrared spectroscopy, heart rate variability [HRV], valence, and arousal), during (performance time, heart rate, and rate of perceived exertion [RPE]), and after (mood, RPE, and HRV) tests. The chosen songs were considered pleasurable and capable of activating. Furthermore, they activated the 3 assessed prefrontal cortex (PFC) areas (medial, right dorsolateral, and left dorsolateral) similarly, generating positive emotional consequences by autonomous system analysis. The first 800 m was accomplished faster for SM and FM compared with other conditions (p ≤ 0.05); moreover, there was a high probability of improving running performance when music was applied (SM: 89%; FM: 85%; PM: 39%). Finally, music was capable of accelerating vagal tonus after 5 km of running with CS (p ≤ 0.05). In conclusion, music was able to activate the PFC area, minimize perceptions, improve performance, and accelerate recovery during 5 km of running.

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