Heat transfer coefficients during quenching of inconel and AISI 304 stainless steel cylinders in NaNO<inf>2</inf>aqueous solutions

D. E. Lozano, R. D. Mercado-Solís, R. Colás, L. F. Canale, G. E. Totten

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

In order to reduce distortion and cracking when quenching in water, uniform cooling must be promoted while avoiding full-film boiling. The formation of a vapor blanket may be prevented either by imposing severe agitation or by quenching in aqueous salt solutions. Furthermore, with the addition of the optimum salt concentrations, the cooling rate may be favorably increased. In this work, the cooling characteristics of round-bars of Inconel (ø12.6 mm) and AISI 304 stainless steel (8, 12 and 20 mm in diameter) heated to 900°C and quenched by immersion into aqueous solutions of 2, 3, 4 and 9% sodium nitrite (NaNO2) were studied. Time-temperature cooling curves were obtained using embedded thermocouples within the probes and the heat transfer coefficients and cooling rates were calculated. It was found that an increase of NaNO2concentration beyond 4% did not result in a corresponding increase in the cooling ability of the quenchant. Copyright © 2012 ASM International® All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages341-348
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes
EventQuenching Control and Distortion - Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference -
Duration: 1 Dec 2012 → …

Conference

ConferenceQuenching Control and Distortion - Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference
Period1/12/12 → …

Fingerprint

Heat transfer coefficients
Quenching
Stainless steel
Cooling
Salts
Thermocouples
Boiling liquids
Vapors
Sodium
Water
Temperature

Cite this

Lozano, D. E., Mercado-Solís, R. D., Colás, R., Canale, L. F., & Totten, G. E. (2012). Heat transfer coefficients during quenching of inconel and AISI 304 stainless steel cylinders in NaNO<inf>2</inf>aqueous solutions. 341-348. Paper presented at Quenching Control and Distortion - Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference, .
Lozano, D. E. ; Mercado-Solís, R. D. ; Colás, R. ; Canale, L. F. ; Totten, G. E. / Heat transfer coefficients during quenching of inconel and AISI 304 stainless steel cylinders in NaNO<inf>2</inf>aqueous solutions. Paper presented at Quenching Control and Distortion - Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference, .8 p.
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abstract = "In order to reduce distortion and cracking when quenching in water, uniform cooling must be promoted while avoiding full-film boiling. The formation of a vapor blanket may be prevented either by imposing severe agitation or by quenching in aqueous salt solutions. Furthermore, with the addition of the optimum salt concentrations, the cooling rate may be favorably increased. In this work, the cooling characteristics of round-bars of Inconel ({\o}12.6 mm) and AISI 304 stainless steel (8, 12 and 20 mm in diameter) heated to 900°C and quenched by immersion into aqueous solutions of 2, 3, 4 and 9{\%} sodium nitrite (NaNO2) were studied. Time-temperature cooling curves were obtained using embedded thermocouples within the probes and the heat transfer coefficients and cooling rates were calculated. It was found that an increase of NaNO2concentration beyond 4{\%} did not result in a corresponding increase in the cooling ability of the quenchant. Copyright {\circledC} 2012 ASM International{\circledR} All rights reserved.",
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Lozano, DE, Mercado-Solís, RD, Colás, R, Canale, LF & Totten, GE 2012, 'Heat transfer coefficients during quenching of inconel and AISI 304 stainless steel cylinders in NaNO<inf>2</inf>aqueous solutions' Paper presented at Quenching Control and Distortion - Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference, 1/12/12, pp. 341-348.

Heat transfer coefficients during quenching of inconel and AISI 304 stainless steel cylinders in NaNO<inf>2</inf>aqueous solutions. / Lozano, D. E.; Mercado-Solís, R. D.; Colás, R.; Canale, L. F.; Totten, G. E.

2012. 341-348 Paper presented at Quenching Control and Distortion - Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference, .

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Heat transfer coefficients during quenching of inconel and AISI 304 stainless steel cylinders in NaNO2aqueous solutions

AU - Lozano, D. E.

AU - Mercado-Solís, R. D.

AU - Colás, R.

AU - Canale, L. F.

AU - Totten, G. E.

PY - 2012/12/1

Y1 - 2012/12/1

N2 - In order to reduce distortion and cracking when quenching in water, uniform cooling must be promoted while avoiding full-film boiling. The formation of a vapor blanket may be prevented either by imposing severe agitation or by quenching in aqueous salt solutions. Furthermore, with the addition of the optimum salt concentrations, the cooling rate may be favorably increased. In this work, the cooling characteristics of round-bars of Inconel (ø12.6 mm) and AISI 304 stainless steel (8, 12 and 20 mm in diameter) heated to 900°C and quenched by immersion into aqueous solutions of 2, 3, 4 and 9% sodium nitrite (NaNO2) were studied. Time-temperature cooling curves were obtained using embedded thermocouples within the probes and the heat transfer coefficients and cooling rates were calculated. It was found that an increase of NaNO2concentration beyond 4% did not result in a corresponding increase in the cooling ability of the quenchant. Copyright © 2012 ASM International® All rights reserved.

AB - In order to reduce distortion and cracking when quenching in water, uniform cooling must be promoted while avoiding full-film boiling. The formation of a vapor blanket may be prevented either by imposing severe agitation or by quenching in aqueous salt solutions. Furthermore, with the addition of the optimum salt concentrations, the cooling rate may be favorably increased. In this work, the cooling characteristics of round-bars of Inconel (ø12.6 mm) and AISI 304 stainless steel (8, 12 and 20 mm in diameter) heated to 900°C and quenched by immersion into aqueous solutions of 2, 3, 4 and 9% sodium nitrite (NaNO2) were studied. Time-temperature cooling curves were obtained using embedded thermocouples within the probes and the heat transfer coefficients and cooling rates were calculated. It was found that an increase of NaNO2concentration beyond 4% did not result in a corresponding increase in the cooling ability of the quenchant. Copyright © 2012 ASM International® All rights reserved.

M3 - Paper

SP - 341

EP - 348

ER -

Lozano DE, Mercado-Solís RD, Colás R, Canale LF, Totten GE. Heat transfer coefficients during quenching of inconel and AISI 304 stainless steel cylinders in NaNO<inf>2</inf>aqueous solutions. 2012. Paper presented at Quenching Control and Distortion - Proceedings of the 6th International Quenching and Control of Distortion Conference, Including the 4th International Distortion Engineering Conference, .