First Observation of D0-D-0 Oscillations in D0 →k+π-π+π- Decays and Measurement of the Associated Coherence Parameters

R. Aaij, C. Abellán Beteta, B. Adeva, M. Adinolfi, A. Affolder, Z. Ajaltouni, S. Akar, J. Albrecht, F. Alessio, M. Alexander, S. Ali, G. Alkhazov, P. Alvarez Cartelle, A. A. Alves, S. Amato, S. Amerio, Y. Amhis, L. An, L. Anderlini, G. AndreassiM. Andreotti, J. E. Andrews, R. B. Appleby, O. Aquines Gutierrez, F. Archilli, P. D'Argent, A. Artamonov, M. Artuso, E. Aslanides, G. Auriemma, M. Baalouch, S. Bachmann, J. J. Back, A. Badalov, C. Baesso, W. Baldini, R. J. Barlow, C. Barschel, S. Barsuk, W. Barter, V. Batozskaya, V. Battista, A. Bay, L. Beaucourt, J. Beddow, F. Bedeschi, I. Bediaga, L. J. Bel, V. Bellee, N. Belloli, I. Belyaev, E. Ben-Haim, G. Bencivenni, S. Benson, J. Benton, A. Berezhnoy, R. Bernet, A. Bertolin, F. Betti, M. O. Bettler, M. Van Beuzekom, S. Bifani, P. Billoir, T. Bird, A. Birnkraut, A. Bizzeti, T. Blake, F. Blanc, J. Blouw, S. Blusk, V. Bocci, A. Bondar, N. Bondar, W. Bonivento, A. Borgheresi, S. Borghi, M. Borisyak, M. Borsato, T. J.V. Bowcock, E. Bowen, C. Bozzi, S. Braun, M. Britsch, T. Britton, J. Brodzicka, N. H. Brook, E. Buchanan, C. Burr, A. Bursche, J. Buytaert, S. Cadeddu

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© 2016 CERN. Charm meson oscillations are observed in a time-dependent analysis of the ratio of D0→K+π-π+π- to D0→K-π+π-π+ decay rates, using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb-1 recorded by the LHCb experiment. The measurements presented are sensitive to the phase-space averaged ratio of doubly Cabibbo-suppressed to Cabibbo-favored amplitudes rDK3π and the product of the coherence factor RDK3π and a charm mixing parameter yK3π′. The constraints measured are rDK3π=(5.67±0.12)×10-2, which is the most precise determination to date, and RDK3πyK3π′=(0.3±1.8)×10-3, which provides useful input for determinations of the CP-violating phase γ in B±→DK±, D→Kπ±ππ± decays. The analysis also gives the most precise measurement of the D0→K+π-π+π- branching fraction, and the first observation of D0-D-0 oscillations in this decay mode, with a significance of 8.2 standard deviations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number241801
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We acknowledge support from CERN and from the national agencies: CAPES, CNPq, FAPERJ and FINEP (Brazil); NSFC (China); CNRS/IN2P3 (France); BMBF, DFG and MPG (Germany); INFN (Italy); FOM and NWO (Netherlands); MNiSW and NCN (Poland); MEN/IFA (Romania); MinES and FANO (Russia); MinECo (Spain); SNSF and SER (Switzerland); NASU (Ukraine); STFC (United Kingdom); NSF (U.S.).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 CERN.

Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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