A search for the rare decays Bs0→μ+μ-and B0→μ+μ-is performed with data collected in 2011 and 2012 with the LHCb experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. The data samples comprise 1.1 fb-1 of proton-proton collisions at √s=8 TeV and 1.0 fb-1 at √s=7 TeV. We observe an excess of Bs0→μ+μ-candidates with respect to the background expectation. The probability that the background could produce such an excess or larger is 5.3×10-4 corresponding to a signal significance of 3.5 standard deviations. A maximum-likelihood fit gives a branching fraction of B(Bs0→μ+μ-)=(3.2-1.2+1.5) ×10-9, where the statistical uncertainty is 95% of the total uncertainty. This result is in agreement with the standard model expectation. The observed number of B0→μ+μ-candidates is consistent with the background expectation, giving an upper limit of B(B0→μ+μ-)<9.4×10-10 at 95% confidence level. © 2013 CERN. Published by the American Physical Society.
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