Modèle extractiviste et pouvoirs d’exception en Amérique latine

Translated title of the contribution: Extractivism and Emergency Powers in Latin America

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

In the post-9/11 context, the threat of terrorism has been invoked to justify a whole series of exceptional measures in the United States and Europe. Showing a divergent trajectory, the situation in Latin America displays quite different characteristics which are worth considering. Although the threat of terrorism is relatively low, governments in the region often refer to new problems, particularly violent crime and the protection of natural resources as a source of economic development, to resort to old institutional emergency provisions. This study seeks to identify the specific features of Latin American exceptionalism through a series of case studies from Venezuela, Argentina, Colombia, Guatemala and Peru in which emergency powers are used to safeguard the operational activities of the extractive industry. Through these cases, we observe a sort of institutional memory through which the historical concentration of power in the executive and the violent strategies used to deal with internal conflicts are maintained and adapted to suit the main purposes of Latin American governments in the 21st Century.
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)93-118
Number of pages26
JournalCultures et Conflits
Volume112
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

Latin America
terrorism
threat
violent crime
Guatemala
Venezuela
Colombia
Peru
Argentina
natural resources
industry
economics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Law
  • Political Science and International Relations
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

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abstract = "In the post-9/11 context, the threat of terrorism has been invoked to justify a whole series of exceptional measures in the United States and Europe. Showing a divergent trajectory, the situation in Latin America displays quite different characteristics which are worth considering. Although the threat of terrorism is relatively low, governments in the region often refer to new problems, particularly violent crime and the protection of natural resources as a source of economic development, to resort to old institutional emergency provisions. This study seeks to identify the specific features of Latin American exceptionalism through a series of case studies from Venezuela, Argentina, Colombia, Guatemala and Peru in which emergency powers are used to safeguard the operational activities of the extractive industry. Through these cases, we observe a sort of institutional memory through which the historical concentration of power in the executive and the violent strategies used to deal with internal conflicts are maintained and adapted to suit the main purposes of Latin American governments in the 21st Century.",
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Modèle extractiviste et pouvoirs d’exception en Amérique latine. / Wright, Claire Elizabeth Grace.

In: Cultures et Conflits, Vol. 112, No. 4, 01.12.2018, p. 93-118.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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