Evolution of Regional Inequalities in Education, Science and Innovation Indicators in Brazil

Marcia Diniz, Marcelo Diniz, André Silva, Mónica Liseth Cardozo de Barrios

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Abstract

For historical reasons due to its colonization process, but also institutional ones, including economic policy strategy, Brazil concentrated its industrial production base in the Southeast, followed by the South. A consequence of this process was a concentration of the higher education system and of the country's research, science and technology institutions in the Southeast and South regions of the country, with repercussions, also, in the geographic distribution of innovations and patents in the country, being possible to state that there are marked differences between the State and Regional Innovation Systems in the context of the National Innovation System. Thus, from the calculation of dispersion measures and spatial concentration indicators, this article presents elements that attempt to create a temporal systematization in the evolution of regional inequalities in the indicators of Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation in the country, which characterize the differences between the State / Regional Innovation Systems in the country. Considering these indicators, it can be said that the country has four very different moments. The first moment goes back to the beginning of the formation process of Higher Education, C, T & I institutions in the country, lasting until the beginning of the 1990s, where the concentration of these indicators in the Southeast and South regions is clear. it begins, still, in the beginning of the decade of 1990 and goes until the year 2000, with a sharp drop in the spatial inequality of these indicators between the Brazilian regions. A third moment, located between the first half of the 2000s and the years 2013 and 2014. With the maintenance of deconcentration, now more slowly. And the last phase, starting in 2014, which seems to point to a new reconcentration, still, how small
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings 13th World Congress of the Regional Science Association International
Place of PublicationMorocco
PublisherRegional Science Association International (RSAI)
Pages1254
Number of pages1261
ISBN (Electronic)978-989-54216-1-9
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event13th World Congress of the Regional Science Association International - , Morocco
Duration: 25 May 202128 May 2021
Conference number: 13
https://regionalscience.org/2021worldcongress/

Conference

Conference13th World Congress of the Regional Science Association International
Abbreviated titleRSAI
Country/TerritoryMorocco
Period25/5/2128/5/21
Internet address

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Development
  • Economics and Econometrics

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