Evaluation of anti-wear properties of metalworking fluids enhanced with halloysite nanotubes

Laura Peña-Parás, José Antonio Sánchez-Fernández, Carlos Rafael Martínez, José Abraham Ontiveros, Karla Itzel Saldívar, Luis Manuel Urbina, Moisés Jair Arias, Patricio García-Pineda, Brenda Castaños

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study of nanoparticles as additives for metalworking fluids (MWFs) with applications in the metal removal processes, or machining, has received increasing attention due to the possible enhancements on tribological properties. In this study, low-cost and environmentally friendly nanoparticle additives of halloysite clay nanotubes (HNTs) were dispersed in metalworking fluids utilized for milling processes. Concentrations of 0.01, 0.05, 0.10 wt. % were incorporated into a mineral oil (MO) and a semi-synthetic fluid (SF) by ultrasonication. The anti-wear properties of metalworking nanofluids were characterized with a T-05 block-on-ring tribotester at a contact pressure of 0.5 GPa. Surface roughness of worn block materials was obtained with an optical 3D surface measurement system. Results showed that at a concentration of 0.10 wt. % HNTs block mass loss was lowered by 24% for the MO + HNTs nanofluids. For the SF + HNTs, a reduction of 63% and 32% in wear mass loss and coefficient of friction (COF), respectively, were found at the same concentration. The tribological enhancing mechanism for the applied contact pressure was proposed to be due to a reduction of the area of contact and nanoparticle sliding between surfaces with no HNT deposition, evidenced by energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). Furthermore, surface roughness studies of worn blocks showed smoother surfaces with lower groove density with the addition of nanoparticle additives. The results of this study demonstrate that HNTs can improve the lubricity of metalworking cutting fluids used for machining processes, enhancing tool life and providing better surface finish of products.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1019
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2017

Fingerprint

Nanotubes
clays
nanotubes
Clay
Wear of materials
Fluids
evaluation
fluids
Nanoparticles
mineral oils
nanoparticles
Mineral oils
machining
Machining
surface roughness
Surface roughness
Cutting fluids
Mineral Oil
Surface measurement
grooves

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

Peña-Parás, L., Sánchez-Fernández, J. A., Martínez, C. R., Ontiveros, J. A., Saldívar, K. I., Urbina, L. M., ... Castaños, B. (2017). Evaluation of anti-wear properties of metalworking fluids enhanced with halloysite nanotubes. Applied Sciences (Switzerland), 7(10), [1019]. https://doi.org/10.3390/app7101019
Peña-Parás, Laura ; Sánchez-Fernández, José Antonio ; Martínez, Carlos Rafael ; Ontiveros, José Abraham ; Saldívar, Karla Itzel ; Urbina, Luis Manuel ; Arias, Moisés Jair ; García-Pineda, Patricio ; Castaños, Brenda. / Evaluation of anti-wear properties of metalworking fluids enhanced with halloysite nanotubes. In: Applied Sciences (Switzerland). 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 10.
@article{091a11a1cf164720b4d96ad8605ce638,
title = "Evaluation of anti-wear properties of metalworking fluids enhanced with halloysite nanotubes",
abstract = "The study of nanoparticles as additives for metalworking fluids (MWFs) with applications in the metal removal processes, or machining, has received increasing attention due to the possible enhancements on tribological properties. In this study, low-cost and environmentally friendly nanoparticle additives of halloysite clay nanotubes (HNTs) were dispersed in metalworking fluids utilized for milling processes. Concentrations of 0.01, 0.05, 0.10 wt. {\%} were incorporated into a mineral oil (MO) and a semi-synthetic fluid (SF) by ultrasonication. The anti-wear properties of metalworking nanofluids were characterized with a T-05 block-on-ring tribotester at a contact pressure of 0.5 GPa. Surface roughness of worn block materials was obtained with an optical 3D surface measurement system. Results showed that at a concentration of 0.10 wt. {\%} HNTs block mass loss was lowered by 24{\%} for the MO + HNTs nanofluids. For the SF + HNTs, a reduction of 63{\%} and 32{\%} in wear mass loss and coefficient of friction (COF), respectively, were found at the same concentration. The tribological enhancing mechanism for the applied contact pressure was proposed to be due to a reduction of the area of contact and nanoparticle sliding between surfaces with no HNT deposition, evidenced by energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). Furthermore, surface roughness studies of worn blocks showed smoother surfaces with lower groove density with the addition of nanoparticle additives. The results of this study demonstrate that HNTs can improve the lubricity of metalworking cutting fluids used for machining processes, enhancing tool life and providing better surface finish of products.",
author = "Laura Pe{\~n}a-Par{\'a}s and S{\'a}nchez-Fern{\'a}ndez, {Jos{\'e} Antonio} and Mart{\'i}nez, {Carlos Rafael} and Ontiveros, {Jos{\'e} Abraham} and Sald{\'i}var, {Karla Itzel} and Urbina, {Luis Manuel} and Arias, {Mois{\'e}s Jair} and Patricio Garc{\'i}a-Pineda and Brenda Casta{\~n}os",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "3",
doi = "10.3390/app7101019",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Applied Sciences (Switzerland)",
issn = "2076-3417",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "10",

}

Peña-Parás, L, Sánchez-Fernández, JA, Martínez, CR, Ontiveros, JA, Saldívar, KI, Urbina, LM, Arias, MJ, García-Pineda, P & Castaños, B 2017, 'Evaluation of anti-wear properties of metalworking fluids enhanced with halloysite nanotubes', Applied Sciences (Switzerland), vol. 7, no. 10, 1019. https://doi.org/10.3390/app7101019

Evaluation of anti-wear properties of metalworking fluids enhanced with halloysite nanotubes. / Peña-Parás, Laura; Sánchez-Fernández, José Antonio; Martínez, Carlos Rafael; Ontiveros, José Abraham; Saldívar, Karla Itzel; Urbina, Luis Manuel; Arias, Moisés Jair; García-Pineda, Patricio; Castaños, Brenda.

In: Applied Sciences (Switzerland), Vol. 7, No. 10, 1019, 03.10.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of anti-wear properties of metalworking fluids enhanced with halloysite nanotubes

AU - Peña-Parás, Laura

AU - Sánchez-Fernández, José Antonio

AU - Martínez, Carlos Rafael

AU - Ontiveros, José Abraham

AU - Saldívar, Karla Itzel

AU - Urbina, Luis Manuel

AU - Arias, Moisés Jair

AU - García-Pineda, Patricio

AU - Castaños, Brenda

PY - 2017/10/3

Y1 - 2017/10/3

N2 - The study of nanoparticles as additives for metalworking fluids (MWFs) with applications in the metal removal processes, or machining, has received increasing attention due to the possible enhancements on tribological properties. In this study, low-cost and environmentally friendly nanoparticle additives of halloysite clay nanotubes (HNTs) were dispersed in metalworking fluids utilized for milling processes. Concentrations of 0.01, 0.05, 0.10 wt. % were incorporated into a mineral oil (MO) and a semi-synthetic fluid (SF) by ultrasonication. The anti-wear properties of metalworking nanofluids were characterized with a T-05 block-on-ring tribotester at a contact pressure of 0.5 GPa. Surface roughness of worn block materials was obtained with an optical 3D surface measurement system. Results showed that at a concentration of 0.10 wt. % HNTs block mass loss was lowered by 24% for the MO + HNTs nanofluids. For the SF + HNTs, a reduction of 63% and 32% in wear mass loss and coefficient of friction (COF), respectively, were found at the same concentration. The tribological enhancing mechanism for the applied contact pressure was proposed to be due to a reduction of the area of contact and nanoparticle sliding between surfaces with no HNT deposition, evidenced by energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). Furthermore, surface roughness studies of worn blocks showed smoother surfaces with lower groove density with the addition of nanoparticle additives. The results of this study demonstrate that HNTs can improve the lubricity of metalworking cutting fluids used for machining processes, enhancing tool life and providing better surface finish of products.

AB - The study of nanoparticles as additives for metalworking fluids (MWFs) with applications in the metal removal processes, or machining, has received increasing attention due to the possible enhancements on tribological properties. In this study, low-cost and environmentally friendly nanoparticle additives of halloysite clay nanotubes (HNTs) were dispersed in metalworking fluids utilized for milling processes. Concentrations of 0.01, 0.05, 0.10 wt. % were incorporated into a mineral oil (MO) and a semi-synthetic fluid (SF) by ultrasonication. The anti-wear properties of metalworking nanofluids were characterized with a T-05 block-on-ring tribotester at a contact pressure of 0.5 GPa. Surface roughness of worn block materials was obtained with an optical 3D surface measurement system. Results showed that at a concentration of 0.10 wt. % HNTs block mass loss was lowered by 24% for the MO + HNTs nanofluids. For the SF + HNTs, a reduction of 63% and 32% in wear mass loss and coefficient of friction (COF), respectively, were found at the same concentration. The tribological enhancing mechanism for the applied contact pressure was proposed to be due to a reduction of the area of contact and nanoparticle sliding between surfaces with no HNT deposition, evidenced by energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). Furthermore, surface roughness studies of worn blocks showed smoother surfaces with lower groove density with the addition of nanoparticle additives. The results of this study demonstrate that HNTs can improve the lubricity of metalworking cutting fluids used for machining processes, enhancing tool life and providing better surface finish of products.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85030638662&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85030638662&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/app7101019

DO - 10.3390/app7101019

M3 - Article

VL - 7

JO - Applied Sciences (Switzerland)

JF - Applied Sciences (Switzerland)

SN - 2076-3417

IS - 10

M1 - 1019

ER -