Evaluation and Predictive Modeling of Removal Condition for Bioadsorption of Indigo Blue Dye by Spirulina platensis

Felipe Robledo-Padilla, Osvaldo Aquines Gutiérrez, Arisbe Silva-Núñez, Gibrán S. Alemán-Nava, Carlos Castillo-Zacarías, Ricardo A. Ramirez-Mendoza, Ricardo Zavala-Yoe, Hafiz M. N. Iqbal, Roberto Parra-Saldívar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Among the different chemical and physical treatments used to remove the color of the textile effluents, bioremediation offers many benefits to the environment. In this study, we determined the potential of Spirulina platensis (S. platensis) for decolorizing indigo blue dye under different incubation conditions. The microalgae were incubated at different pH (from 4 to 10) to calibrate for the optimal discoloration condition; a pH of 4 was found to be optimal. The biomass concentration in all experiments was 1 g/L, which was able to decolorize the indigo blue dye by day 3. These results showed that S. platensis is capable of removing indigo blue dye at low biomass. However, this was dependent on the treatment conditions, where temperature played the most crucial role. Two theoretical adsorption models, namely (1) a first-order model equation and (2) a second-order rate equation, were compared with observed adsorption vs. time curves for different initial concentrations (from 25 to 100 mg/L). The comparison between models showed similar accuracy and agreement with the experimental values. The observed adsorption isotherms for three temperatures (30, 40, and 50 °C) were plotted, showing fairly linear behavior in the measured range. The adsorption equilibrium isotherms were estimated, providing an initial description of the dye removal capacity of S. platensis.
Original languageEnglish
Article number82
Number of pages12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jan 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Virology
  • Microbiology (medical)


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