Environmental tobacco smoke and pneumonia in children living in Monterrey, México

Sixto F. Gutiérrez-Ramírez, Gloria M. Molina-Salinas, Jaime F. García-Guerra, Javier Vargas-Villarreal, Benito D. Mata-Cárdenas, Francisco González-Salazar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Acute respiratory diseases occupy the first 5 places in infantile morbidity and mortality around the world, two million children directly dying from such cause annually. Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) contains toxic and irritating compounds having an injurious effect on health, producing increased risk of morbidity and mortality in non-smoking adults and children. Our main objective was determining the association between ETS and pneumonia in children. Material and methods: This was an unmatched case and controls hospital-based study. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Results: A total of 285 patients (142 cases and 143 controls) were studied; 47,4 % of the patients were female and average age was 4,5,+2,7. OR for patients being exposed to ETS developing pneumonia was 3,44 (CI: 2,11-5,6). Discussion: Children being exposed to ETS increases the risk of developing pneumonia by more than threefold.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-85
Number of pages10
JournalRevista de Salud Publica
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Smoke
Tobacco
Pneumonia
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Morbidity
Mortality
Poisons
Acute Disease
Health

Cite this

Gutiérrez-Ramírez, S. F., Molina-Salinas, G. M., García-Guerra, J. F., Vargas-Villarreal, J., Mata-Cárdenas, B. D., & González-Salazar, F. (2007). Environmental tobacco smoke and pneumonia in children living in Monterrey, México. Revista de Salud Publica, 76-85.
Gutiérrez-Ramírez, Sixto F. ; Molina-Salinas, Gloria M. ; García-Guerra, Jaime F. ; Vargas-Villarreal, Javier ; Mata-Cárdenas, Benito D. ; González-Salazar, Francisco. / Environmental tobacco smoke and pneumonia in children living in Monterrey, México. In: Revista de Salud Publica. 2007 ; pp. 76-85.
@article{9067ca730bd14b0b9d84b8698791c29b,
title = "Environmental tobacco smoke and pneumonia in children living in Monterrey, M{\'e}xico",
abstract = "Objective: Acute respiratory diseases occupy the first 5 places in infantile morbidity and mortality around the world, two million children directly dying from such cause annually. Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) contains toxic and irritating compounds having an injurious effect on health, producing increased risk of morbidity and mortality in non-smoking adults and children. Our main objective was determining the association between ETS and pneumonia in children. Material and methods: This was an unmatched case and controls hospital-based study. Odds ratio (OR) and 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Results: A total of 285 patients (142 cases and 143 controls) were studied; 47,4 {\%} of the patients were female and average age was 4,5,+2,7. OR for patients being exposed to ETS developing pneumonia was 3,44 (CI: 2,11-5,6). Discussion: Children being exposed to ETS increases the risk of developing pneumonia by more than threefold.",
author = "Guti{\'e}rrez-Ram{\'i}rez, {Sixto F.} and Molina-Salinas, {Gloria M.} and Garc{\'i}a-Guerra, {Jaime F.} and Javier Vargas-Villarreal and Mata-C{\'a}rdenas, {Benito D.} and Francisco Gonz{\'a}lez-Salazar",
year = "2007",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
pages = "76--85",
journal = "Revista de Salud Publica",
issn = "0124-0064",
publisher = "Universidad Nacional de Colombia",

}

Gutiérrez-Ramírez, SF, Molina-Salinas, GM, García-Guerra, JF, Vargas-Villarreal, J, Mata-Cárdenas, BD & González-Salazar, F 2007, 'Environmental tobacco smoke and pneumonia in children living in Monterrey, México', Revista de Salud Publica, pp. 76-85.

Environmental tobacco smoke and pneumonia in children living in Monterrey, México. / Gutiérrez-Ramírez, Sixto F.; Molina-Salinas, Gloria M.; García-Guerra, Jaime F.; Vargas-Villarreal, Javier; Mata-Cárdenas, Benito D.; González-Salazar, Francisco.

In: Revista de Salud Publica, 01.01.2007, p. 76-85.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental tobacco smoke and pneumonia in children living in Monterrey, México

AU - Gutiérrez-Ramírez, Sixto F.

AU - Molina-Salinas, Gloria M.

AU - García-Guerra, Jaime F.

AU - Vargas-Villarreal, Javier

AU - Mata-Cárdenas, Benito D.

AU - González-Salazar, Francisco

PY - 2007/1/1

Y1 - 2007/1/1

N2 - Objective: Acute respiratory diseases occupy the first 5 places in infantile morbidity and mortality around the world, two million children directly dying from such cause annually. Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) contains toxic and irritating compounds having an injurious effect on health, producing increased risk of morbidity and mortality in non-smoking adults and children. Our main objective was determining the association between ETS and pneumonia in children. Material and methods: This was an unmatched case and controls hospital-based study. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Results: A total of 285 patients (142 cases and 143 controls) were studied; 47,4 % of the patients were female and average age was 4,5,+2,7. OR for patients being exposed to ETS developing pneumonia was 3,44 (CI: 2,11-5,6). Discussion: Children being exposed to ETS increases the risk of developing pneumonia by more than threefold.

AB - Objective: Acute respiratory diseases occupy the first 5 places in infantile morbidity and mortality around the world, two million children directly dying from such cause annually. Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) contains toxic and irritating compounds having an injurious effect on health, producing increased risk of morbidity and mortality in non-smoking adults and children. Our main objective was determining the association between ETS and pneumonia in children. Material and methods: This was an unmatched case and controls hospital-based study. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Results: A total of 285 patients (142 cases and 143 controls) were studied; 47,4 % of the patients were female and average age was 4,5,+2,7. OR for patients being exposed to ETS developing pneumonia was 3,44 (CI: 2,11-5,6). Discussion: Children being exposed to ETS increases the risk of developing pneumonia by more than threefold.

M3 - Article

SP - 76

EP - 85

JO - Revista de Salud Publica

JF - Revista de Salud Publica

SN - 0124-0064

ER -

Gutiérrez-Ramírez SF, Molina-Salinas GM, García-Guerra JF, Vargas-Villarreal J, Mata-Cárdenas BD, González-Salazar F. Environmental tobacco smoke and pneumonia in children living in Monterrey, México. Revista de Salud Publica. 2007 Jan 1;76-85.