Nixtamalized blue corn expanded extrudates were elaborated in a single screw extruder using feed moisture (FM) of 14, 15, 16, 16.5, 18.5 and 20.5%; ground corn with different particle size indexes (PSI, 83.97 and 94.15), and at a final extruder temperature of 130 and 140°C. The physicochemical properties of extrudates evaluated were moisture content, total anthocyanin and cyanidin 3-glucoside (C3G) content, color, density and expansion index. Extrudates processed at 16 and 16.5% of FM showed higher total anthocyanin and C3G contents. The extrudates processed with 16% FM, at 130°C and PSI of 83.97, showed the highest total anthocyanin content (211.1 mg · kg-1). Cyanidin 3-glucoside showed an increase (11.3%) in extrudates when compared with raw corn. The expansion index was higher for those made with FMs of 14, 15, 16 and 16.5%. The total anthocyanin and C3G contents were not correlated with any other parameter. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Food Science
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering