Diabetes Self-Management Behaviors, Health Care Access, and Health Perception in Mexico-US Border States

Marylyn M. McEwen*, Alice Pasvogel, Rogelio Elizondo-Pereo, Irene Meester, Javier Vargas-Villarreal, Francisco González-Salazar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe diabetes self-management behaviors, diabetes health care access, and health perception for Mexican adults and Hispanics residing in the Mexico-US border region. Methods: This study used data from the Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey diabetes items (n = 26) to assess characteristics of Hispanics in 4 Arizona border counties (n = 216) and cross-sectional data from a modified BRFSS in a convenience sample of adults residing in Monterrey, Mexico (n = 351). Data were analyzed for descriptive statistics with SPSS. Results: The Mexico cohort was younger than the Arizona cohort (59.36 [11.5] vs 65.54 [11.1], respectively) and the mean length of time with type 2 diabetes was similar. Less than 10% (9.7%) of the Arizona cohort reported never monitoring blood glucose compared to 22.5% of the Mexico cohort. The mean (SD) number of times in the past 12 months the Mexico cohort saw their health care provider was 9.09 (6.8) vs 4.49 (8.3) for the Arizona cohort. Despite provider access, there were differences in self-management behaviors between the cohorts. Conclusions: Due to environmental and policy factors in the Mexico-US border region, there continues to be a gap in evidence-based practice and uptake of self-management behaviors for adults with diabetes. Resources such as the BRFSS and shared practice guidelines would bridge this gap.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-173
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetes Educator
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)


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