Delineation of a de novo 7q21.3q31.1 deletion by CGH-SNP arrays in a girl with multiple congenital anomalies including severe glaucoma

L. Martínez-Jacobo, C. Córdova-Fletes, R. Ortiz-López, F. Rivas, C. Saucedo-Carrasco, A. Rojas-Martínez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In this study, we present a female patient with a constitutional de novo deletion in 7q21.3q31.1 as determined by G-banding and CGH-SNP arrays. She exhibited, among other features, psychomotor retardation, congenital severe bilateral glaucoma, a cleft palate, and heart defect. Microarray assay disclosed a deleted 12.5-Mb region roughly 88 kb downstream the ectrodactyly critical region; thus, the patient's final karyotype was 46,XX.arr 7q21.3q31.1(96,742, 140- 109,246,085)×1 dn. This girl represents the fourth patient described so far with congenital glaucoma and a deletion encompassing or overlapping the 7q21.3q31.1 region, and confirms the presence of a locus or loci related to such a clinical feature. According to our results, the proneness to ocular defects secondary to 7q intermediate deletions could be caused by co-deletion of TAC1, HBP1, and a small cluster of cytochrome P450 genes (subfamily 3A). This conclusion is supported by their functional roles and expression locations as well as because TAC1 is related to the functional pathway of the MYOC gene whose mutations are linked to glaucoma. Moreover, given that this girl is clinically reminiscent of several phenotypes related to diverse deletions within 7q21q32, our results and observations offer a general overview of the gene content of deletions/phenotypes overlapping 7q21.3q31.1 and confirm that loci distal to DLX genes including the CUX1 gene and potential regulatory elements downstream from DLX5 are unrelated to ectrodactyly. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-291
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Syndromology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Glaucoma
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Genes
Phenotype
Gene Deletion
Cleft Palate
Regulator Genes
Karyotype
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Mutation
Ectrodactyly

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Martínez-Jacobo, L. ; Córdova-Fletes, C. ; Ortiz-López, R. ; Rivas, F. ; Saucedo-Carrasco, C. ; Rojas-Martínez, A. / Delineation of a de novo 7q21.3q31.1 deletion by CGH-SNP arrays in a girl with multiple congenital anomalies including severe glaucoma. In: Molecular Syndromology. 2013 ; pp. 285-291.
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Delineation of a de novo 7q21.3q31.1 deletion by CGH-SNP arrays in a girl with multiple congenital anomalies including severe glaucoma. / Martínez-Jacobo, L.; Córdova-Fletes, C.; Ortiz-López, R.; Rivas, F.; Saucedo-Carrasco, C.; Rojas-Martínez, A.

In: Molecular Syndromology, 01.09.2013, p. 285-291.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Delineation of a de novo 7q21.3q31.1 deletion by CGH-SNP arrays in a girl with multiple congenital anomalies including severe glaucoma

AU - Martínez-Jacobo, L.

AU - Córdova-Fletes, C.

AU - Ortiz-López, R.

AU - Rivas, F.

AU - Saucedo-Carrasco, C.

AU - Rojas-Martínez, A.

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N2 - In this study, we present a female patient with a constitutional de novo deletion in 7q21.3q31.1 as determined by G-banding and CGH-SNP arrays. She exhibited, among other features, psychomotor retardation, congenital severe bilateral glaucoma, a cleft palate, and heart defect. Microarray assay disclosed a deleted 12.5-Mb region roughly 88 kb downstream the ectrodactyly critical region; thus, the patient's final karyotype was 46,XX.arr 7q21.3q31.1(96,742, 140- 109,246,085)×1 dn. This girl represents the fourth patient described so far with congenital glaucoma and a deletion encompassing or overlapping the 7q21.3q31.1 region, and confirms the presence of a locus or loci related to such a clinical feature. According to our results, the proneness to ocular defects secondary to 7q intermediate deletions could be caused by co-deletion of TAC1, HBP1, and a small cluster of cytochrome P450 genes (subfamily 3A). This conclusion is supported by their functional roles and expression locations as well as because TAC1 is related to the functional pathway of the MYOC gene whose mutations are linked to glaucoma. Moreover, given that this girl is clinically reminiscent of several phenotypes related to diverse deletions within 7q21q32, our results and observations offer a general overview of the gene content of deletions/phenotypes overlapping 7q21.3q31.1 and confirm that loci distal to DLX genes including the CUX1 gene and potential regulatory elements downstream from DLX5 are unrelated to ectrodactyly. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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