Cross-cultural differences in obsessive-compulsive symptom dimensions across young adults in Mexico and USA

Noah Berman, Julia Gallegos Guajardo, Lilian Reuman, Manuel Ramirez, Gladys Valdez, Jonathan S. Abramowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Despite cross-cultural differences in obsessive-compulsive disorder
(OCD) symptomology, little work has been extended in those in
Mexico. To bridge this gap, the current study administered
standardised and culturally-validated measures of OCD and a critical
cultural construct – spirituality – to young adults in Mexico (n = 430)
and the USA (n = 194). Linear regression analyses indicated that
individuals in Mexico reported significantly greater scores on all
obsessive-compulsive (OC) dimensions, when compared to those in
the USA. The association between nationality and all OC symptom
dimensions (except responsibility for harm) depended upon degree
of spirituality; as spirituality increased, OCD severity decreased in the
Mexican sample and increased in the USA sample. The potentially
protective role of spirituality in Mexican participants may be
explained by the collectivist culture, which can inform culturallytailored interventions. Our study was limited by our analogue sample
and cross-sectional design. Future researchers should collect
longitudinal data and employ random sampling methods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-454
Number of pages12
JournalMental Health, Religion and Culture
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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