Characterizing γ-ray sources with HAL (HAWC Accelerated Likelihood) and 3ML

HAWC Collaboration

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)


The open-source Multi-Mission Maximum likelihood (3ML) Framework allows for the common analysis of diverse datasets. The ability to consistently fit and characterize astronomical data across many decades in energy is key to understanding the origin of the emission we measure with many different instruments. 3ML uses plugins to encapsulate the interfaces to data and instrument response functions. The user can then define a model with one or multiple sources to describe a given region of interest. The model is fit to the data to determine the locations, spatial shapes, and energy spectra of the sources in the model. The High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Observatory, a wide FoV instrument sensitive to energies from 300 GeV to above 100 TeV, has used 3ML for data analysis for several years using a plugin optimized for single source analysis. As multisource fitting became more common, a faster plugin was required. Spectral fits to the Crab Nebula and the nearby source HAWC J0543+233 obtained using HAL, the HAWC plugin for 3ML, will be presented.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCharacterizing γ-ray sources with HAL (HAWC Accelerated Likelihood) and 3ML
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2022
Event37th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2021 - Virtual, Berlin, Germany
Duration: 12 Jul 202123 Jul 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of Science
PublisherSissa Medialab Srl


Conference37th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2021
CityVirtual, Berlin

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright owned by the author(s) under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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