CAR-T Cell Therapy: From the Shop to Cancer Therapy

Ashanti Concepción Uscanga-Palomeque*, Ana Karina Chávez-Escamilla, Cynthia Aracely Alvizo-Báez, Santiago Saavedra-Alonso, Luis Daniel Terrazas-Armendáriz, Reyes S. Tamez-Guerra, Cristina Rodríguez-Padilla, Juan Manuel Alcocer-González*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Cancer is a worldwide health problem. Nevertheless, new technologies in the immunotherapy field have emerged. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) technology is a novel biological form to treat cancer; CAR-T cell genetic engineering has positively revolutionized cancer immunotherapy. In this paper, we review the latest developments in CAR-T in cancer treatment. We present the structure of the different generations and variants of CAR-T cells including TRUCK (T cells redirected for universal cytokine killing. We explain the approaches of the CAR-T cells manufactured ex vivo and in vivo. Moreover, we describe the limitations and areas of opportunity for this immunotherapy and the current challenges of treating hematological and solid cancer using CAR-T technology as well as its constraints and engineering approaches. We summarize other immune cells that have been using CAR technology, such as natural killer (NK), macrophages (M), and dendritic cells (DC). We conclude that CAR-T cells have the potential to treat not only cancer but other chronic diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number15688
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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