Benevolent and Corrective Humor, Life Satisfaction, and Broad Humor Dimensions: Extending the Nomological Network of the BenCor Across 25 Countries

Sonja Heintz, Willibald Ruch, Simge Aykan, Ingrid Brdar, Dorota Brzozowska, Hugo Carretero-Dios, Hsueh Chih Chen, Władysław Chłopicki, Incheol Choi, Alberto Dionigi, Róbert Ďurka, Thomas E. Ford, Angelika Güsewell, Robert B. Isler, Alyona Ivanova, Liisi Laineste, Petra Lajčiaková, Chloe Lau, Minha Lee, Stanca MădaCharles Martin-Krumm, Andrés Mendiburo-Seguel, Ifu Migiwa, Nailya Mustafi, Atsushi Oshio, Tracey Platt, René T. Proyer, Angélica Quiroga-Garza, Tamil Selvan Ramis, Răzvan Săftoiu, Donald H. Saklofske, Olga V. Shcherbakova, Alena Slezackova, Anastasios Stalikas, Ieva Stokenberga, Jorge Torres-Marín, Peter S.O. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Benevolent and corrective humor are two comic styles that have been related to virtue, morality, and character strengths. A previous study also supported the viability of measuring these two styles with the BenCor in 22 countries. The present study extends the previous one by including further countries (a total of 25 countries in 29 samples with N = 7813), by testing the revised BenCor (BenCor-R), and by adding two criterion measures to assess life satisfaction and four broad humor dimensions (social fun/entertaining humor, mockery, humor ineptness, and cognitive/reflective humor). As expected, the BenCor-R showed mostly promising psychometric properties (internal consistency and factorial validity). Consistent with previous studies, benevolent humor correlated positively with life satisfaction in most countries, while corrective humor was uncorrelated with life satisfaction. These relationships were only slightly changed when controlling for social fun/entertaining humor and mockery, respectively. Benevolent humor was mostly positively associated with cognitive/reflective humor, followed by social fun/entertaining humor and mockery. Corrective humor was mostly positively associated with mockery, followed by cognitive/reflective and social fun/entertaining humor, although these relationships differed between the countries. Overall, the present study supports the viability of benevolent and corrective humor, which has yet received insufficient attention in psychology, for cross-cultural investigations and applications of humor, well-being, and morality.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2019

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humor
satisfaction with life
morality
psychometrics
psychology
well-being

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Heintz, Sonja ; Ruch, Willibald ; Aykan, Simge ; Brdar, Ingrid ; Brzozowska, Dorota ; Carretero-Dios, Hugo ; Chen, Hsueh Chih ; Chłopicki, Władysław ; Choi, Incheol ; Dionigi, Alberto ; Ďurka, Róbert ; Ford, Thomas E. ; Güsewell, Angelika ; Isler, Robert B. ; Ivanova, Alyona ; Laineste, Liisi ; Lajčiaková, Petra ; Lau, Chloe ; Lee, Minha ; Măda, Stanca ; Martin-Krumm, Charles ; Mendiburo-Seguel, Andrés ; Migiwa, Ifu ; Mustafi, Nailya ; Oshio, Atsushi ; Platt, Tracey ; Proyer, René T. ; Quiroga-Garza, Angélica ; Ramis, Tamil Selvan ; Săftoiu, Răzvan ; Saklofske, Donald H. ; Shcherbakova, Olga V. ; Slezackova, Alena ; Stalikas, Anastasios ; Stokenberga, Ieva ; Torres-Marín, Jorge ; Wong, Peter S.O. / Benevolent and Corrective Humor, Life Satisfaction, and Broad Humor Dimensions : Extending the Nomological Network of the BenCor Across 25 Countries. In: Journal of Happiness Studies. 2019.
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title = "Benevolent and Corrective Humor, Life Satisfaction, and Broad Humor Dimensions: Extending the Nomological Network of the BenCor Across 25 Countries",
abstract = "Benevolent and corrective humor are two comic styles that have been related to virtue, morality, and character strengths. A previous study also supported the viability of measuring these two styles with the BenCor in 22 countries. The present study extends the previous one by including further countries (a total of 25 countries in 29 samples with N = 7813), by testing the revised BenCor (BenCor-R), and by adding two criterion measures to assess life satisfaction and four broad humor dimensions (social fun/entertaining humor, mockery, humor ineptness, and cognitive/reflective humor). As expected, the BenCor-R showed mostly promising psychometric properties (internal consistency and factorial validity). Consistent with previous studies, benevolent humor correlated positively with life satisfaction in most countries, while corrective humor was uncorrelated with life satisfaction. These relationships were only slightly changed when controlling for social fun/entertaining humor and mockery, respectively. Benevolent humor was mostly positively associated with cognitive/reflective humor, followed by social fun/entertaining humor and mockery. Corrective humor was mostly positively associated with mockery, followed by cognitive/reflective and social fun/entertaining humor, although these relationships differed between the countries. Overall, the present study supports the viability of benevolent and corrective humor, which has yet received insufficient attention in psychology, for cross-cultural investigations and applications of humor, well-being, and morality.",
author = "Sonja Heintz and Willibald Ruch and Simge Aykan and Ingrid Brdar and Dorota Brzozowska and Hugo Carretero-Dios and Chen, {Hsueh Chih} and Władysław Chłopicki and Incheol Choi and Alberto Dionigi and R{\'o}bert Ďurka and Ford, {Thomas E.} and Angelika G{\"u}sewell and Isler, {Robert B.} and Alyona Ivanova and Liisi Laineste and Petra Lajčiakov{\'a} and Chloe Lau and Minha Lee and Stanca Măda and Charles Martin-Krumm and Andr{\'e}s Mendiburo-Seguel and Ifu Migiwa and Nailya Mustafi and Atsushi Oshio and Tracey Platt and Proyer, {Ren{\'e} T.} and Ang{\'e}lica Quiroga-Garza and Ramis, {Tamil Selvan} and Răzvan Săftoiu and Saklofske, {Donald H.} and Shcherbakova, {Olga V.} and Alena Slezackova and Anastasios Stalikas and Ieva Stokenberga and Jorge Torres-Mar{\'i}n and Wong, {Peter S.O.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10902-019-00185-9",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Happiness Studies",
issn = "1389-4978",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",

}

Heintz, S, Ruch, W, Aykan, S, Brdar, I, Brzozowska, D, Carretero-Dios, H, Chen, HC, Chłopicki, W, Choi, I, Dionigi, A, Ďurka, R, Ford, TE, Güsewell, A, Isler, RB, Ivanova, A, Laineste, L, Lajčiaková, P, Lau, C, Lee, M, Măda, S, Martin-Krumm, C, Mendiburo-Seguel, A, Migiwa, I, Mustafi, N, Oshio, A, Platt, T, Proyer, RT, Quiroga-Garza, A, Ramis, TS, Săftoiu, R, Saklofske, DH, Shcherbakova, OV, Slezackova, A, Stalikas, A, Stokenberga, I, Torres-Marín, J & Wong, PSO 2019, 'Benevolent and Corrective Humor, Life Satisfaction, and Broad Humor Dimensions: Extending the Nomological Network of the BenCor Across 25 Countries', Journal of Happiness Studies. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-019-00185-9

Benevolent and Corrective Humor, Life Satisfaction, and Broad Humor Dimensions : Extending the Nomological Network of the BenCor Across 25 Countries. / Heintz, Sonja; Ruch, Willibald; Aykan, Simge; Brdar, Ingrid; Brzozowska, Dorota; Carretero-Dios, Hugo; Chen, Hsueh Chih; Chłopicki, Władysław; Choi, Incheol; Dionigi, Alberto; Ďurka, Róbert; Ford, Thomas E.; Güsewell, Angelika; Isler, Robert B.; Ivanova, Alyona; Laineste, Liisi; Lajčiaková, Petra; Lau, Chloe; Lee, Minha; Măda, Stanca; Martin-Krumm, Charles; Mendiburo-Seguel, Andrés; Migiwa, Ifu; Mustafi, Nailya; Oshio, Atsushi; Platt, Tracey; Proyer, René T.; Quiroga-Garza, Angélica; Ramis, Tamil Selvan; Săftoiu, Răzvan; Saklofske, Donald H.; Shcherbakova, Olga V.; Slezackova, Alena; Stalikas, Anastasios; Stokenberga, Ieva; Torres-Marín, Jorge; Wong, Peter S.O.

In: Journal of Happiness Studies, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Benevolent and Corrective Humor, Life Satisfaction, and Broad Humor Dimensions

T2 - Extending the Nomological Network of the BenCor Across 25 Countries

AU - Heintz, Sonja

AU - Ruch, Willibald

AU - Aykan, Simge

AU - Brdar, Ingrid

AU - Brzozowska, Dorota

AU - Carretero-Dios, Hugo

AU - Chen, Hsueh Chih

AU - Chłopicki, Władysław

AU - Choi, Incheol

AU - Dionigi, Alberto

AU - Ďurka, Róbert

AU - Ford, Thomas E.

AU - Güsewell, Angelika

AU - Isler, Robert B.

AU - Ivanova, Alyona

AU - Laineste, Liisi

AU - Lajčiaková, Petra

AU - Lau, Chloe

AU - Lee, Minha

AU - Măda, Stanca

AU - Martin-Krumm, Charles

AU - Mendiburo-Seguel, Andrés

AU - Migiwa, Ifu

AU - Mustafi, Nailya

AU - Oshio, Atsushi

AU - Platt, Tracey

AU - Proyer, René T.

AU - Quiroga-Garza, Angélica

AU - Ramis, Tamil Selvan

AU - Săftoiu, Răzvan

AU - Saklofske, Donald H.

AU - Shcherbakova, Olga V.

AU - Slezackova, Alena

AU - Stalikas, Anastasios

AU - Stokenberga, Ieva

AU - Torres-Marín, Jorge

AU - Wong, Peter S.O.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

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