Automation of employment in the presence of industry 4.0: The case of Mexico

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The automation and digitization of interconnected production processes have changed the labor demand by boosting the creation and destruction of occupations. In the context of the I4.0, this paper analyzes the relationship between automation risk, labor demand and sociodemographic characteristics for the Mexican occupations. Hence, we estimate a multinomial logit model by considering the dataset of the National Survey of Occupation and Employment (ENOE), from the first quarter of 2013–2018. We find that changes in labor demand due to automation depend on the automation risk probability, and sociodemographic and labor characteristics. As it is the case in other countries, we find that labor demand increases for those occupations with low-risk of automation that require high-skilled workers. However, surprisingly, the direction of labor demand is inverse in the characteristics of gender, age, and education.
Original languageEnglish
Article number101837
Number of pages11
JournalTechnology in Society
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Business and International Management
  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science


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