Absolute luminosity measurements with the LHCb detector at the LHC

R. Aaij, B. Adeva, M. Adinolfi, C. Adrover, A. Affolder, Z. Ajaltouni, J. Albrecht, F. Alessio, M. Alexander, G. Alkhazov, P. Alvarez Cartelle, A. A. Alves, S. Amato, Y. Amhis, J. Anderson, R. B. Appleby, O. Aquines Gutierrez, F. Archilli, L. Arrabito, A. ArtamonovM. Artuso, E. Aslanides, G. Auriemma, S. Bachmann, J. J. Back, D. S. Bailey, V. Balagura, W. Baldini, R. J. Barlow, C. Barschel, S. Barsuk, W. Barter, A. Bates, C. Bauer, Th Bauer, A. Bay, I. Bediaga, K. Belous, I. Belyaev, E. Ben-Haim, M. Benayoun, G. Bencivenni, S. Benson, J. Benton, R. Bernet, M.-O. Bettler, M. Van Beuzekom, A. Bien, S. Bifani, A. Bizzeti, P. M. Bjørnstad, T. Blake, F. Blanc, C. Blanks, J. Blouw, S. Blusk, A. Bobrov, V. Bocci, A. Bondar, N. Bondar, W. Bonivento, S. Borghi, A. Borgia, T.j.v. Bowcock, C. Bozzi, T. Brambach, J. Van Den Brand, J. Bressieux, D. Brett, S. Brisbane, M. Britsch, T. Britton, N. H. Brook, H. Brown, A. Büchler-Germann, I. Burducea, A. Bursche, J. Buytaert, S. Cadeddu, J. M. Caicedo Carvajal, O. Callot, M. Calvi, M. Calvo Gomez, A. Camboni, P. Campana, A. Carbone, G. Carboni, R. Cardinale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Absolute luminosity measurements are of general interest for colliding-beam experiments at storage rings. These measurements are necessary to determine the absolute cross-sections of reaction processes and are valuable to quantify the performance of the accelerator. Using data taken in 2010, LHCb has applied two methods to determine the absolute scale of its luminosity measurements for proton-proton collisions at the LHC with a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. In addition to the classic ''van der Meer scan'' method a novel technique has been developed which makes use of direct imaging of the individual beams using beam-gas and beam-beam interactions. This beam imaging method is made possible by the high resolution of the LHCb vertex detector and the close proximity of the detector to the beams, and allows beam parameters such as positions, angles and widths to be determined. The results of the two methods have comparable precision and are in good agreement. Combining the two methods, an overal precision of 3.5% in the absolute luminosity determination is reached. The techniques used to transport the absolute luminosity calibration to the full 2010 data-taking period are presented. © 2012 CERN.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Luminance
luminosity
Detector
Detectors
detectors
Protons
Imaging techniques
Storage rings
Particle accelerators
Imaging
beam interactions
Calibration
protons
Barycentre
Accelerator
center of mass
proximity
Gases
apexes
Proximity

Cite this

Aaij, R., Adeva, B., Adinolfi, M., Adrover, C., Affolder, A., Ajaltouni, Z., ... Cardinale, R. (2012). Absolute luminosity measurements with the LHCb detector at the LHC. Journal of Instrumentation. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/7/01/P01010
Aaij, R. ; Adeva, B. ; Adinolfi, M. ; Adrover, C. ; Affolder, A. ; Ajaltouni, Z. ; Albrecht, J. ; Alessio, F. ; Alexander, M. ; Alkhazov, G. ; Alvarez Cartelle, P. ; Alves, A. A. ; Amato, S. ; Amhis, Y. ; Anderson, J. ; Appleby, R. B. ; Aquines Gutierrez, O. ; Archilli, F. ; Arrabito, L. ; Artamonov, A. ; Artuso, M. ; Aslanides, E. ; Auriemma, G. ; Bachmann, S. ; Back, J. J. ; Bailey, D. S. ; Balagura, V. ; Baldini, W. ; Barlow, R. J. ; Barschel, C. ; Barsuk, S. ; Barter, W. ; Bates, A. ; Bauer, C. ; Bauer, Th ; Bay, A. ; Bediaga, I. ; Belous, K. ; Belyaev, I. ; Ben-Haim, E. ; Benayoun, M. ; Bencivenni, G. ; Benson, S. ; Benton, J. ; Bernet, R. ; M.-O. Bettler ; Van Beuzekom, M. ; Bien, A. ; Bifani, S. ; Bizzeti, A. ; Bjørnstad, P. M. ; Blake, T. ; Blanc, F. ; Blanks, C. ; Blouw, J. ; Blusk, S. ; Bobrov, A. ; Bocci, V. ; Bondar, A. ; Bondar, N. ; Bonivento, W. ; Borghi, S. ; Borgia, A. ; T.j.v. Bowcock ; Bozzi, C. ; Brambach, T. ; Van Den Brand, J. ; Bressieux, J. ; Brett, D. ; Brisbane, S. ; Britsch, M. ; Britton, T. ; Brook, N. H. ; Brown, H. ; Büchler-Germann, A. ; Burducea, I. ; Bursche, A. ; Buytaert, J. ; Cadeddu, S. ; Caicedo Carvajal, J. M. ; Callot, O. ; Calvi, M. ; Calvo Gomez, M. ; Camboni, A. ; Campana, P. ; Carbone, A. ; Carboni, G. ; Cardinale, R. / Absolute luminosity measurements with the LHCb detector at the LHC. In: Journal of Instrumentation. 2012.
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abstract = "Absolute luminosity measurements are of general interest for colliding-beam experiments at storage rings. These measurements are necessary to determine the absolute cross-sections of reaction processes and are valuable to quantify the performance of the accelerator. Using data taken in 2010, LHCb has applied two methods to determine the absolute scale of its luminosity measurements for proton-proton collisions at the LHC with a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. In addition to the classic ''van der Meer scan'' method a novel technique has been developed which makes use of direct imaging of the individual beams using beam-gas and beam-beam interactions. This beam imaging method is made possible by the high resolution of the LHCb vertex detector and the close proximity of the detector to the beams, and allows beam parameters such as positions, angles and widths to be determined. The results of the two methods have comparable precision and are in good agreement. Combining the two methods, an overal precision of 3.5{\%} in the absolute luminosity determination is reached. The techniques used to transport the absolute luminosity calibration to the full 2010 data-taking period are presented. {\circledC} 2012 CERN.",
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Aaij, R, Adeva, B, Adinolfi, M, Adrover, C, Affolder, A, Ajaltouni, Z, Albrecht, J, Alessio, F, Alexander, M, Alkhazov, G, Alvarez Cartelle, P, Alves, AA, Amato, S, Amhis, Y, Anderson, J, Appleby, RB, Aquines Gutierrez, O, Archilli, F, Arrabito, L, Artamonov, A, Artuso, M, Aslanides, E, Auriemma, G, Bachmann, S, Back, JJ, Bailey, DS, Balagura, V, Baldini, W, Barlow, RJ, Barschel, C, Barsuk, S, Barter, W, Bates, A, Bauer, C, Bauer, T, Bay, A, Bediaga, I, Belous, K, Belyaev, I, Ben-Haim, E, Benayoun, M, Bencivenni, G, Benson, S, Benton, J, Bernet, R, M.-O. Bettler, Van Beuzekom, M, Bien, A, Bifani, S, Bizzeti, A, Bjørnstad, PM, Blake, T, Blanc, F, Blanks, C, Blouw, J, Blusk, S, Bobrov, A, Bocci, V, Bondar, A, Bondar, N, Bonivento, W, Borghi, S, Borgia, A, T.j.v. Bowcock, Bozzi, C, Brambach, T, Van Den Brand, J, Bressieux, J, Brett, D, Brisbane, S, Britsch, M, Britton, T, Brook, NH, Brown, H, Büchler-Germann, A, Burducea, I, Bursche, A, Buytaert, J, Cadeddu, S, Caicedo Carvajal, JM, Callot, O, Calvi, M, Calvo Gomez, M, Camboni, A, Campana, P, Carbone, A, Carboni, G & Cardinale, R 2012, 'Absolute luminosity measurements with the LHCb detector at the LHC', Journal of Instrumentation. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/7/01/P01010

Absolute luminosity measurements with the LHCb detector at the LHC. / Aaij, R.; Adeva, B.; Adinolfi, M.; Adrover, C.; Affolder, A.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Albrecht, J.; Alessio, F.; Alexander, M.; Alkhazov, G.; Alvarez Cartelle, P.; Alves, A. A.; Amato, S.; Amhis, Y.; Anderson, J.; Appleby, R. B.; Aquines Gutierrez, O.; Archilli, F.; Arrabito, L.; Artamonov, A.; Artuso, M.; Aslanides, E.; Auriemma, G.; Bachmann, S.; Back, J. J.; Bailey, D. S.; Balagura, V.; Baldini, W.; Barlow, R. J.; Barschel, C.; Barsuk, S.; Barter, W.; Bates, A.; Bauer, C.; Bauer, Th; Bay, A.; Bediaga, I.; Belous, K.; Belyaev, I.; Ben-Haim, E.; Benayoun, M.; Bencivenni, G.; Benson, S.; Benton, J.; Bernet, R.; M.-O. Bettler; Van Beuzekom, M.; Bien, A.; Bifani, S.; Bizzeti, A.; Bjørnstad, P. M.; Blake, T.; Blanc, F.; Blanks, C.; Blouw, J.; Blusk, S.; Bobrov, A.; Bocci, V.; Bondar, A.; Bondar, N.; Bonivento, W.; Borghi, S.; Borgia, A.; T.j.v. Bowcock; Bozzi, C.; Brambach, T.; Van Den Brand, J.; Bressieux, J.; Brett, D.; Brisbane, S.; Britsch, M.; Britton, T.; Brook, N. H.; Brown, H.; Büchler-Germann, A.; Burducea, I.; Bursche, A.; Buytaert, J.; Cadeddu, S.; Caicedo Carvajal, J. M.; Callot, O.; Calvi, M.; Calvo Gomez, M.; Camboni, A.; Campana, P.; Carbone, A.; Carboni, G.; Cardinale, R.

In: Journal of Instrumentation, 01.01.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Absolute luminosity measurements with the LHCb detector at the LHC

AU - Aaij, R.

AU - Adeva, B.

AU - Adinolfi, M.

AU - Adrover, C.

AU - Affolder, A.

AU - Ajaltouni, Z.

AU - Albrecht, J.

AU - Alessio, F.

AU - Alexander, M.

AU - Alkhazov, G.

AU - Alvarez Cartelle, P.

AU - Alves, A. A.

AU - Amato, S.

AU - Amhis, Y.

AU - Anderson, J.

AU - Appleby, R. B.

AU - Aquines Gutierrez, O.

AU - Archilli, F.

AU - Arrabito, L.

AU - Artamonov, A.

AU - Artuso, M.

AU - Aslanides, E.

AU - Auriemma, G.

AU - Bachmann, S.

AU - Back, J. J.

AU - Bailey, D. S.

AU - Balagura, V.

AU - Baldini, W.

AU - Barlow, R. J.

AU - Barschel, C.

AU - Barsuk, S.

AU - Barter, W.

AU - Bates, A.

AU - Bauer, C.

AU - Bauer, Th

AU - Bay, A.

AU - Bediaga, I.

AU - Belous, K.

AU - Belyaev, I.

AU - Ben-Haim, E.

AU - Benayoun, M.

AU - Bencivenni, G.

AU - Benson, S.

AU - Benton, J.

AU - Bernet, R.

AU - M.-O. Bettler, null

AU - Van Beuzekom, M.

AU - Bien, A.

AU - Bifani, S.

AU - Bizzeti, A.

AU - Bjørnstad, P. M.

AU - Blake, T.

AU - Blanc, F.

AU - Blanks, C.

AU - Blouw, J.

AU - Blusk, S.

AU - Bobrov, A.

AU - Bocci, V.

AU - Bondar, A.

AU - Bondar, N.

AU - Bonivento, W.

AU - Borghi, S.

AU - Borgia, A.

AU - T.j.v. Bowcock, null

AU - Bozzi, C.

AU - Brambach, T.

AU - Van Den Brand, J.

AU - Bressieux, J.

AU - Brett, D.

AU - Brisbane, S.

AU - Britsch, M.

AU - Britton, T.

AU - Brook, N. H.

AU - Brown, H.

AU - Büchler-Germann, A.

AU - Burducea, I.

AU - Bursche, A.

AU - Buytaert, J.

AU - Cadeddu, S.

AU - Caicedo Carvajal, J. M.

AU - Callot, O.

AU - Calvi, M.

AU - Calvo Gomez, M.

AU - Camboni, A.

AU - Campana, P.

AU - Carbone, A.

AU - Carboni, G.

AU - Cardinale, R.

PY - 2012/1/1

Y1 - 2012/1/1

N2 - Absolute luminosity measurements are of general interest for colliding-beam experiments at storage rings. These measurements are necessary to determine the absolute cross-sections of reaction processes and are valuable to quantify the performance of the accelerator. Using data taken in 2010, LHCb has applied two methods to determine the absolute scale of its luminosity measurements for proton-proton collisions at the LHC with a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. In addition to the classic ''van der Meer scan'' method a novel technique has been developed which makes use of direct imaging of the individual beams using beam-gas and beam-beam interactions. This beam imaging method is made possible by the high resolution of the LHCb vertex detector and the close proximity of the detector to the beams, and allows beam parameters such as positions, angles and widths to be determined. The results of the two methods have comparable precision and are in good agreement. Combining the two methods, an overal precision of 3.5% in the absolute luminosity determination is reached. The techniques used to transport the absolute luminosity calibration to the full 2010 data-taking period are presented. © 2012 CERN.

AB - Absolute luminosity measurements are of general interest for colliding-beam experiments at storage rings. These measurements are necessary to determine the absolute cross-sections of reaction processes and are valuable to quantify the performance of the accelerator. Using data taken in 2010, LHCb has applied two methods to determine the absolute scale of its luminosity measurements for proton-proton collisions at the LHC with a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. In addition to the classic ''van der Meer scan'' method a novel technique has been developed which makes use of direct imaging of the individual beams using beam-gas and beam-beam interactions. This beam imaging method is made possible by the high resolution of the LHCb vertex detector and the close proximity of the detector to the beams, and allows beam parameters such as positions, angles and widths to be determined. The results of the two methods have comparable precision and are in good agreement. Combining the two methods, an overal precision of 3.5% in the absolute luminosity determination is reached. The techniques used to transport the absolute luminosity calibration to the full 2010 data-taking period are presented. © 2012 CERN.

U2 - 10.1088/1748-0221/7/01/P01010

DO - 10.1088/1748-0221/7/01/P01010

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Instrumentation

JF - Journal of Instrumentation

SN - 1748-0221

ER -