A typology of Mexican highly educated immigrant entrepreneurs in the United States

Elizabeth Salamanca, Jorge Luis Alcaraz Vargas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study develops a typology of highly educated Mexican immigrant entrepreneurs living in the United States (U.S.) based on their personal resources, motivations and social capital, and the U.S. institutional challenges they face. An exploratory qualitative analysis was conducted by examining 25 in-depth interviews with Mexican immigrant entrepreneurs and opinion leaders in the United States. The results show that highly educated Mexican migrant entrepreneurs have different resources, motivations, and premigration conditions and face different institutional challenges. These differences give rise to six types of immigrants: “self-made-preneurs,” “expat-preneurs,” “consolidated-preneurs,” “stubborn millennials,” “runaway-preneurs” and “avoider-preneurs.” Previous studies have proposed a typology of high-skilled migrants or have compared their profile with that of other migrants. However, a typology of highly educated migrant entrepreneurs or any systematic study on the unique institutional challenges they face does not exist.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-663
Number of pages17
JournalThunderbird International Business Review
Issue number6
Early online date5 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2022

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