Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) is caused by mutations in the type VII collagen gene (COL7A1). Nearly all cases of dominant DEB are caused by glycine substitution mutations occurring within the triple helical region of type VII collagen, and most of the mutations are unique to individual families. In this study, we identified a patient of Hispanic-Mexican origin with a mild form of DEB, which resulted from a de novo dominant glycine substitution, G2043R, in exon 73 of COL7A1. We also investigated a Scottish family with a three-generation pedigree of dominant DEB, in whom the same glycine to arginine substitution mutation was demonstrated. This particular mutation has also been detected previously in three other families with dominant DEB: one Italian, one Hungarian and one Norwegian. Given the widespread geographical distribution of this mutation and the demonstration of its occurrence as a de novo event, G2043R therefore represents the first example of a mutational hotspot in dominant DEB. Interestingly, although both the Mexican and Scottish families we studied had some clinical features in keeping with the Pasini form of the disorder, there was considerable interfamilial variability as well as intrafamilial diversity in the affected individuals.
Mellerio, J. E., Salas-Alanis, J. C., Talamantes, M. L., Horn, H., Tidman, M. J., Ashton, G. H. S., Eady, R. A. J., & McGrath, J. A. (1998). A recurrent glycine substitution mutation, G2043R, in the type VII collagen gene (COL7A1) in dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. British Journal of Dermatology, 730-737. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2133.1998.02496.x