Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) is an inherited blistering skin disorder caused by mutations in the type VII collagen gene (COL7A1). In this study, we determined the molecular basis of autosomal recessive DEB in a 19- year-old Hispanic-Mexican woman by PCR amplification of genomic DNA, heteroduplex analysis, and automated sequencing of heteroduplex bandshifts. This approach revealed a homozygous frameshift mutation, 2470insG, in exon 19 of COL7A1 and resulted in attenuated basement membrane zone expression of type VII collagen, a reduced number of anchoring fibrils at the dermal- epidermal junction, and a sub-lamina densa level of blister formation. Clinically, the patient had widespread trauma-induced skin fragility and complete loss of the nails, but had less pseudosyndactyly of the fingers and toes and milder mucosal involvement compared to most patients with the generalized form of this genodermatosis. We also screened 7 other Hispanic- Mexican patients with recessive DEB, none of whom were known to be related to this individual, for the mutation 2470insG using heteroduplex analysis and direct sequencing and detected this mutation on 7/14 alleles. Haplotype analysis using intragenic COL7A1 and flanking polymorphisms and microsatellite markers revealed that all the mutant alleles had arisen on similar allelic backgrounds, consistent with propagation of a common Hispanic-Mexican ancestral haplotype. In view of the high allelic frequency of the mutation 2470insG in the patients studied, we recommend initial screening for this mutation when attempting to identify the molecular pathology of recessive DEB in Hispanic-Mexican patients.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1999|